Question 1. Explain Do We Need A Permit To Stock Fish Into Natural Waterways Or Impoundments?
Yes - a allow is required to inventory fish into any public impoundment, natural waterway, river, billabong, lake, wetland, move and many others.
Question 2. Which Species Are Grown In Our Country?
The major species grown in Canada are salmon, mussels, oysters and trout. Canada also produces steelhead, arctic char, Atlantic cod, sablefish, geoducks, Atlantic halibut, quahogs, white sturgeon, tilapia and scallops.
Agricultural Interview Questions
Question 3. Tell Me What Educational Courses Are Available For Aquaculture?
There are a number of publications on aquaculture to be had, both thru Universities and Fisheries Training Institutes like Entebbe Uganda.
Question four. Tell Me Is Farmed Fish Really As Healthy As Wild Fish?
EU law sets strict policies, together with most tiers for contaminants, to ensure that our meals is safe. These limits are the identical for both farmed and wild fish whilst a strict machine of respectable controls guarantees that best healthy food arrives on our tables whether or not it comes from the EU or from abroad.
Question five. How Much Does Aquaculture Contribute To Our Economy?
Our aquaculture industry generated $969 million in direct sales in 2006, and well over $1 billion in oblique price to the agricultural Canadian financial system. Salmon money owed for about 80 percent of the enterprise's cost.
Science Interview Questions
Question 6. Tell Me Why Do We Need Aquaculture?
The output of the arena's wild fisheries is both constant or declining, yet the human population maintains to grow. Aquaculture already materials half of the sector's seafood consumed with the aid of humans. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization forecasts a global seafood shortage of 50 - 80 million tonnes by 2030, and aquaculture will help meet that growing demand.
Question 7. Tell Us Do We Need A Permit To Stock Our Farm Dam With Fish?
No - a permit isn't always required supplied that the farm dam is man-made and located on a private belongings, and the species to be stocked observe all of the branch's coverage.
Environmental Science Interview Questions
Question eight. Do You Know How Are Fish Farmed?
Shellfish which include mussels and oysters are grown on ropes, poles or table-like structures. They require easy water to feed on the vitamins suspended in the water. Marine fish together with salmon and sea bass are farmed in huge net pens suspended from the ocean's floor. Freshwater fish along with trout are commonly farmed in a series of tanks thru which river water is diverted. Other freshwater fish including carp are farmed in huge lakes and ponds.
Question nine. Explain How Are Predators Controlled By Aquaculture Companies?
Most predators, which may additionally encompass seals, birds of prey and raccoons, are protected by means of federal or provincial law. The maximum common manage methods are limitations - such as nets, covers or building enclosures - auditory deterrents and removal. Firearms are used handiest as a final inn.
Nutrition Interview Questions
Question 10. Do You Know What Are The Major Species Farmed In The Eu?
Approximately 50% of the aquaculture production inside the EU is shellfish. Mussels and oysters are the most famous shellfish. Marine fish consisting of salmon, sea bream and sea bass represent approximately 27% of our fish farm produce whilst freshwater fish along with trout and carp account for 23% of fish farmed within the EU. The species farmed in the EU are very diverse and encompass clams, scallops, lobsters, and sturgeon (caviar). Algae manufacturing is a growing quarter.
Question eleven. Tell Us Do We Need A Permit To Conduct Aquaculture?
Aquaculture as described by way of the Fisheries Management Act does require a allow. There are different sorts of permit relying at the form of pastime you're doing, masking the whole thing from hatchery, fish out, land and hire based tradition.
More statistics on the styles of lets in and the permit application technique may be acquired from the branch's web website online or by using speaking to staff from the Aquaculture unit. If you simplest wish to produce fish in farm dams for your personal intake, an aquaculture allow isn't always required.
Food and Nutrition Interview Questions
Question 12. Explain What Major Challenges And Problems Did You Face At Your Last Position?
Our farm is placed inside the villages. It became very difficult to capable personnel due to the area and the street leading to the farm.
Agricultural Interview Questions
Question 13. Do You Know What Other Methods Besides Coastal And Enclosed Tank Systems Are Being Used?
There are aquaponics farms that use wastewater from the fish tanks to fertilize vegetation at the same time as filtering the water. This essentially removes a lot of waste at the same time as developing a usable derivative. It's a completely green way to recapture waste merchandise and maximize profits.
Question 14. Explain What Is Feed Conversion Ratio?
Feed conversion ratio (FCR) is calculated from the range of kilograms of feed used to provide one kilogram of fish. Feeding farmed fish is extra green than feeding land-based totally animals, and the common FCR for farmed fish is near 1:1.
Question 15. Tell Me Is There A Market For Tilapia In Our Country?
Yes, there assuredly is. Tilapia is an the world over traded, excellent commodity. It is never a 'trash fish', as is maasbanker, for instance. Tilapia compares favourably with hake within the first-rate of its flesh and lends itself to instruction in lots of ways. The conventional rural marketplace is for small, complete, wild-colored fish of 100g to 300g. The urban end of the market is for purple tilapia of 450g to 600g.
Predictive Modeling Interview Questions
Question 16. Explain Are There Any Aquaculture Associations Or Support Groups?
Yes, there are a number of aquaculture institutions that cowl a extensive variety of aquaculture sectors.
Question 17. Explain Are Farmed Salmon Different From The Wild Salmon?
Farmed and wild salmon have the same ancestors, and are genetically very comparable. Salmon farmers select fish that have proven true performance in terms of fitness, flesh exceptional and growth, and use those fish as broodstock.
Food Ingredients Interview Questions
Question 18. Tell Me What Kind Of Feed Is Given To Farmed Fish?
Different types of feeds, particularly prominent by way of versions in pellet size, fat and protein content, are used consistent with the lifestyles stage of the fish. Many elements are the same as those used inside the manufacturing of feed for domestic animals, and are all natural products, together with oilseed food, grain merchandise, protein-wealthy food of animal foundation (fish, hen), fish and plant oils. Farmed shellfish rely upon herbal food within the water for their growth, and are not given extra meals.
Science Interview Questions
Question 19. Tell Us Are Diseases Spread From Farmed To Wild Fish?
There isn't any proof to signify that ailment outbreaks at salmon farms have led to any boom in diseases in wild salmon. Research indicates that farmed salmon are at a higher chance of contracting a disease from wild fish. The aquaculture industry is precisely regulated and has advanced disease vaccines, opportunity remedies and desirable production practices to in addition lessen the prevalence and severity of sickness influences.
Question 20. Explain Is Farmed Salmon Safe?
Yes. All salmon - wild and farmed - is taken into consideration a healthful meals desire with established health benefits. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, farmed Atlantic salmon has higher ranges of omega-three fatty acids than any of the five species of wild Pacific salmon. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency checks farmed salmon for contaminants, insecticides and dioxins.
Question 21. Tell Me Is It True That Aquaculture Can Damage The Environment?
Like every other human interest, aquaculture have to be managed sustainable and responsibly. Like any kind of food producers, fish farmers are sure by means of environmental and fitness requirements. The EU's environmental standards are a few of the strictest and simplest within the global. But fish farmers ought to also play a much wider proactive function in shielding the surroundings: for instance aquaculture ponds help keep crucial herbal landscapes and habitats for wild birds and different endangered species.
Shellfish make contributions to purifier coastal waters by way of soaking up nutrients that may in any other case damage water pleasant while they are present in too high concentrations. Ultimately, sustainability is also good commercial enterprise and fish farmers are at the leading edge in tracking and protective the surroundings to ensure that there's no destructive impact.
Question 22. Do You Know What Is Aquaculture?
Aquaculture is described by way of the Fisheries Management Act as cultivating fish or marine plants for the functions of sale, alternate or barter.
Aquaculture is also referred to as Fish Farming, Fish Culture, and many others
Aquaculture production can be sizeable (fundamental, restricted capital & management, low manufacturing), semi-intensive (in between extensive and extensive) and intensive (high capital & management, high level of manage and high manufacturing prices)
Question 23. Explain Is Fouling A Problem On Shellfish Growout Sites?
Yes. Shellfish farmers fight fouling by using control, avoidance and prevention. Fouling organisms consist of barnacles, tunicates, tube worms, bryozoans, hydroids (a small branching organism related to jellyfish and sea anemones) and encrusting sponge. Fouling is prevented by means of the usage of a clean water or saline solution, pressure washing, timing production cycles, retaining excessive growth prices and exposure to air.
Question 24. Explain Do Salmon Escape From Farms?
Escapes were dramatically reduced because the early 1990s, and were expected at well below one percent in every 12 months considering that 1995. A farmed salmon that escapes into the wild is poorly tailored for survival, and simplest small proportions of escaped salmon live to tell the tale. A small range of farmed salmon interbreeding with a wild population has little effect due to the fact simplest small amounts of new genetic material is being introduced, and natural selection maintains to play a position.
Environmental Science Interview Questions
Question 25. Do You Know How Big Is Fish Farming In The Eu?
More than eighty,000 human beings are already directly hired in European aquaculture, and this figure is anticipated to grow as an increasing number of of our seafood is provided through EU fish farmers
European Union aquaculture produces round 1.25 million tonnes, greater than 20 % of general EU fisheries production, with a total price of EUR 3.6 billion. Its percentage of overall world aquaculture production is 1.Five % in phrases of volume and just below 4 % in phrases of cost
The EU is also a main intake marketplace of seafood products inside the global with 12.3 million tonnes consumed in 2011. Per capita EU consumption is 24.Five kg.
Seafood consumption varies a lot from one Member State to the opposite. Northern Member States are more targeted on processed fish whilst Southern Member States still favour sparkling merchandise and devote a bigger part of family costs to fish.
Question 26. Do You Know What Are The Regulatory Or Economic Barriers Faced By Existing Companies Or New Ventures That Want To Start Fish Farms?
There are many regulatory boundaries to aquaculture because the industry is regulated with the aid of 7 unique organizations:
FDA, EPA, USDA, US Army Corps of Engineers, FWS, NMFS and america Coast Guard. The person states additionally have authority over their coastal and inland waters. There isn't any comprehensive regulatory structure in region for the aquaculture industry-every organization has a bit of it and this makes it hard to recognise wherein to go and what to do to be in compliance. Fish farmers do not have a problem with following the guidelines-the trouble is the absence of clean, clean-to-apprehend regulations.
In phrases of financial obstacles, it's far sincerely hard to get a mortgage to begin a fish farm. The predominant problem is that fish have a protracted increase length before they can be harvested. It can be at least 6 months before the fish are prepared to be harvested. Bankers are unlikely to finance because of an extended flip around time. There are also no government incentives to subsidize aquaculture like there are for other agricultural industries. There are only furnish packages for aquaculture studies, and the quantity of funding in aquaculture is minor relative to other agricultural enterprises.
Question 27. Explain How Are Farmed And Wild Shellfish Different?
Farmed and wild shellfish have the equal ancestors. There may be very little distinction between wild and cultured shellfish, as shellfish seed had been firstly harvested - and are still harvested - from the wild. On the west coast, the species of oyster that is the idea of both the wild and farmed oyster industries is an brought species from Japan that changed into introduced to the West Coast around 1913. The local oyster of the northwest coast is now not often discovered. Both wild and farmed shellfish are clear out feeders that eat phytoplankton already inside the ocean.
Nutrition Interview Questions
Question 28. Do You Know Another Growing Problem Is Seafood Fraud And Mislabeling. This Is In Part Due To Poor Tractability Of Imported Products. How Does The Tractability Of Domestic Farm Raised Seafood Compare To Imported Seafood?
It is more tough to trace the starting place and great of imported seafood. We import most of our seafood (near 90%), and it is a massive quantity to song and trace-it is just a fact of life. With home product you realize exactly what you are getting, where it got here from, and that it became raised in line with strict standards to ensure the product is secure and wholesome.
Question 29. Explain What Type Of Health And Nutritional Benefits Are Associated With Shellfish Consumption?
Shellfish are healthy assets of protein, rich in vitamins and minerals, and coffee in fats. They also are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids.
Question 30. Suppose A Lot Of Consumers Are Against Aquaculture Because They Perceive Wild Caught As Higher Quality And Safer Since They Believe Fish Are Farmed In Polluted Conditions. What Would You Say To Those People About The Quality And Safety Of Farm Raised Products?
Many clients' number one issues should do with pollution including mercury and PCBs. Unfortunately, these contaminants are inside the surroundings and that they discover their way into our meals deliver-in wild and farmed fish and in chicken, pork, red meat, and all the relaxation. In fish, high stages of those contaminants are associated with fish that devour high on the food chain and lengthy lifespans. Aquaculture fish are the opposite: they do not living very lengthy due to the fact they're raised to be harvested, and lots of (along with some carnivorous fish) can be on a plant-primarily based diets which reduces the buildup of contaminants. In any event, the fitness and scientific groups have concluded that the danger of contaminant publicity thru seafood-wild or farmed-is close to negligible, however the hazard of NOT eating seafood and reaping the blessings of lean protein and lengthy-chain omega-three fatty acids is great and deadly. Another misconception is that the aquaculture enterprise relies closely on antibiotic drugs to enhance performance.
The reality is that there's little need of antibiotics or hormones for boom production in U.S. Aquaculture, and the few capsules which are used to deal with fish sicknesses are strictly regulated and most effective allowed when fish are sick and some form of intervention is wanted. As some distance as environmental affects, it is no longer in the satisfactory hobby of the farmers to elevate fish in terrible situations because it will affect their bottom line. Fish will no longer grow properly in polluted situations, and escapement represents a catastrophic financial loss. In different phrases, fish farmers do the whole lot they can to make sure they increase their fish under the excellent conditions feasible-happy fish are healthy fish, and wholesome fish grow fast and correctly and make fish farms worthwhile.
Question 31. Suppose Sustainability Has Become A Popular Demand For Consumers Across The Market For Many Food Products. It Also Has Economic Implications For Fishermen And Their Communities. What Is The Role Of Aquaculture In Sustainability And How Does It Impact The Seafood Industry?
Seafood sustainability is ready making sure there's sufficient seafood for absolutely everyone, now and in the destiny. At this factor aquaculture is necessary because many fisheries are already at their limits and there are no new fisheries being determined. In order to have sustainable seafood we ought to limit reliance on restrained sources and the impact on the surroundings. Aquaculture places meals at the table for hundreds of thousands of people, frequently in areas where it's needed most.
What's greater, aquaculture also facilitates to aid wild fisheries with the aid of relieving some of the pressure on imperiled shares (farm-raised hybrid striped bass helped wild Atlantic striped bass fisheries to recover by means of meeting call for) and public and personal hatcheries inventory millions and thousands and thousands of fish and shellfish to replace the ones lost to harvest, habitat degradation, etc. It's not a question of farm-raised OR wild-stuck, we have to consume farm-raised AND wild-caught fish and shellfish.
Question 32. Suppose We Have Some Land And We Want To Grow Fish Where Do We Start?
Aquaculture is farming. Two concepts specifically apply:
Both are tough paintings;
Both are pushed with the aid of the MARKET.
You need to establish your marketplace before you develop your fish.
Question 33. Explain What Kinds Of Species Are Grown Domestically And At What Volumes?
Catfish is the primary species grown in America, quantity -wise. The wide variety two species via quantity is rainbow trout, which happens to be primary in phrases of price.
Other species grown here are: Hybrid Striped Bass, Tilapia, Atlantic Salmon and Barramundi, and there are quite a few shrimp and molluscs raised in U.S. Waters as nicely.
Food and Nutrition Interview Questions
Question 34. Do You Know What Is The Cost Of The Pond, Cage Or Tank?
Cost of pond relies upon on place, land and type of pond you intend to have. By type of pond, I mean earthen, concrete or tarpaulin ponds.
Cages price among USD 500 for a cage of 2,000 fish to USD1, 528 for one of 10,000 fish.
Ponds fee USD 1.Four per cubic meter.
Tanks fee USD 256 in keeping with eight cubic meter tank.
Question 35. Explain Where Are The Best Places To Put An Aquaculture Farm?
There are specific criteria that need to be taken into consideration when investigating a potential site for aquaculture. These include water get admission to, topography, climate, soil kind, and proximity to markets, assist and infrastructure.
The sustainable aquaculture techniques intention to promote community and enterprise confidence inside the endured development of an environmentally and economically sustainable aquaculture enterprise.
Question 36. Do You Know What Is The Aquaculture In Massachusetts?
Aquaculture entails the manipulation of marine or freshwater organisms and/or their surroundings before eventual release, harvest, or seize; the controlled cultivation and harvest of aquatic animals and plant life.
Marine aquaculture inside the nation is presently restrained to the cultivation of shellfish (quahogs, oysters and scallops) for industrial, research, and propagation purposes. There are not any coastal finfish farms within the state and simplest very confined paintings, typically for research purposes, is devoted to seaweed lifestyle. Proposals for offshore fish farms and shellfish way of life have just these days been proposed inside the state and are undergoing allow evaluation. The inland aquaculture industry is comprised generally of a handful of especially technical recirculating centers located especially within the western part of the kingdom (with one on Cape Cod).
These facilities produce hybrid striped bass, tilapia, barramundi, trout and different finfish. Additionally, there are some of small pond and glide-thru centers placed throughout Massachusetts.
Predictive Modeling Interview Questions
Question 37. Tell Me Do Salmon Farms Affect The Sea Floor Beneath Farm Sites?
Aquaculture has the lightest environmental outcomes of any shape of huge-scale food manufacturing. These results are restricted in large part to the ocean floor inside the instant region of salmon farms, are quick-term, and fully reversible. Salmon waste and uneaten meals on the ocean floor can cause temporary oxygen discount and other chemical adjustments as they decompose. For this reason, salmon farms are located in deep waters over sand and silt sea bottoms with low fauna range. Some of the organisms that live in these soft sediments in truth thrive under salmon farms due to the fact the wastes are a source of meals for them.
Question 38. Tell Me Where Does Fish Feed Come From?
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, about 90 percentage of global fishmeal manufacturing is from oily fish species together with anchovies, mackerel, pilchard, capelin and menhaden. These small, bony fish are generally mistaken for human consumption. As an opportunity to fishmeals, the aquaculture enterprise is more and more using vegetable proteins and oils.
Question 39. Tell Me Which Species Of Salmon Are Farmed?
Coho salmon (additionally known as silver salmon)
Chinook salmon (also known as spring or king salmon)
Question forty. Tell Me What Species Of Shellfish Are Farmed?
Mussels, oysters, clams and scallops are the most commonplace species in Canadian aquaculture. We are investigating the farming of other species such as abalone, geoducks, quahogs and sea urchins
Food Ingredients Interview Questions
Question forty one. Explain What Are Pigments?
In nature, fish including salmon get their purple color from consuming crustaceans.. Carotenoids, the maximum not unusual obviously occurring pigments, are given to farmed fish to offer Vitamin A, feature as antioxidants, and beautify the animals' immune machine. Carotenoids additionally give farmed fish, such as salmon and Arctic Char, their crimson shade.
Question 42. Suppose We Need Technical Assistance And Other Information About Aquaculture In Massachusett?
There are some of technical and facts sources available in Massachusetts and overseas. Massachusetts is lucky to have 3 regional nation aquaculture centers placed in southeastern northeastern and western Massachusetts. In addition to team of workers information at every of the centers, the facilities additionally residence a exquisite deal of aquaculture records.
Question forty three. Explain What Are The Stages Of Shellfish Farming?
There are 5 degrees:
Seed - The farming process starts with the gathering of seed inventory from present wild stocks or from hatchery assets.
Nursery - Nursery rearing of shellfish starts as soon as the seeds have set and lasts till the juvenile shellfish are equipped to be transferred to the develop-out site. Nursery rearing structures are intertidal, suspended in deep water, or constructed on land or floating rafts with seawater glide-via.
Growout - Once seeds are at the proper length, they may be eliminated from the nursery websites, and placed into socks, tubes, trays, lantern nets, or set on long strains, in baggage, on tables, on the sea ground or the beach.
Grading and Sorting - To make certain the very best survival and increase rates, it's miles essential to periodically type and grade the inventory into suitable sizes. This should be done for oysters, clams or scallops particularly during the juvenile levels.
Harvest - It takes everywhere from 1½ to four years for shellfish to attain harvest length. Harvesting strategies range from hand harvesting to crew-operated harvest machines, and each species of shellfish requires distinct farming techniques.
Question 44. Tell Me Why Do We Need Fish Farming In The First Place?
Eating fish is right on your fitness, but there aren't enough wild fish and shellfish to meet current demand. Sustainable fishing is going hand-in-hand with fish farming. Only collectively can they produce sufficient fish to meet the needs of the developing worldwide populace with out jeopardizing the long time destiny of our wild fish shares.
In the EU we rely on imports for 68% of the seafood we eat. A vast percentage of which comes from fish farms. Only 10% of our intake is farmed in the EU. Bringing greater farmed fish to our plates means less pressure on wild fish stocks, less reliance on imports, and extra jobs and boom in our nearby economies.
Question 45. What Is Aquaculture Farming?
The huge term aquaculture refers to the breeding, rearing, and harvesting of animals and flora in all forms of water environments consisting of ponds, rivers, lakes, and the sea. Aquaculture is used for generating seafood for human consumption; improving wild fish, shellfish, and plant shares for harvest; restoring threatened and endangered aquatic species; rebuilding ecologically-vital shellfish habitat; generating nutritional and business compounds; and presenting fish for aquariums.
Question 46. Explain What Species Of Fish Are Important To The Aquaculture Industry In Massachusetts?
Species grown in Massachusetts include Atlantic salmon, barramundi, bluegill, rainbow trout, brook trout, brown trout, brown bullhead, golden shiner, hybrid striped bass, koi, largemouth bass, rainbow trout, and tilapia. These species run the gamut from those native to the Commonwealth consisting of brook trout and Atlantic salmon to virtually exotics along with the African tilapia and Australian barramundi. The motives for culturing those species are as various as the fish themselves: from leisure fishing to food to recovery efforts.