Question 1. What Is Defect In Software Testing?
A flaw in a issue or device that can motive the element or gadget to fail to perform its required characteristic, e.G. An incorrect assertion or information definition. A disorder, if encountered at some point of execution, might also cause a failure of the element or system.
Question 2. Differentiate Error, Defect, And Failure?
Terminology vary from one segment to any other in Software Application Life Cycle
Software Application Life Cycle has 3 phases;
Development phase:in Development section if developers find any mismatch they call it as Error or mistake
Testing section:In Testing section if Testers locate any mismatch they name it as Defect or Bug or Fault
Production segment:In Production phase if Customers or End Users locate any mismatch they call it as Failure
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Question three. What Is Reproducible Defect?
If a Defect is appearing whenever (in every execution) then that Defect is producible defect, we can provide steps for locating it.
Question four. What Is Not Reproducible Defect?
If a Defect is some time instances handiest appearing then that Defect isn't producible defect, we need to offer proof (pictures or database dumps) for locating it.
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Question five. What Are The Different Types Of Status Of Defects?
Status of Defects
New: Tester affords new reputation while Reporting (for the first time)
Open: Developer / Dev lead /DTT opens the Defect
Rejected: Developer / Dev lead /DTT rejects if the illness is invalid or disorder is reproduction.
Fixed: Developer offers fixed fame after solving the disorder
Deferred: Developer provides this reputation due to time and so forth...
Closed: Tester affords closed status after appearing affirmation Testing
Re-open: Tester Re-opens the illness with valid reasons and proofs
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Question 6. Explain About Defect Life Cycle?
Defect Life Cycle
Different Flows of the Defect :
New > Opened > Closed
New > Opened > Closed
New > Opened > Fixed > Re-Opened > Fixed > Closed
New > Opened > Deferred
New > Opened > Rejected > Re-Opened > Fixed > Closed Etc...
Question 7. What Is Defect Management?
The process of spotting, investigating, taking action and removing defects. It includes recording defects, classifying them and figuring out the effect.Some groups use Manual Process (Excel workbook), and a few agencies use Tool primarily based procedure for Defect Management.
Tools Examples:Bugzilla / Issue-Tracker / PR-Tracker/Jira / Quality Center and so forth...(anybody)
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Question 8. What Is Defect Management Tool?
A device that facilitates the recording and standing monitoring of defects and modifications. They often have workflow-orientated centers to track and control the allocation, correction and re-checking out of defects and provide reporting facilities.
Question nine. What Is Defect Deduction Percentage (ddp)?
The range of defects discovered via a take a look at phase, divided via the variety discovered with the aid of that test section and some other manner afterwards.
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Question 10. What Is The Defect Reporting Process?
Defect Reporting Process:
Defect Reporting Process vary from one employer to another.
Small scale Company:Tester -> Developer
Medium scale Company:Tester -> Test Lead -> Development Lead -> Developer
Large scale Company:Tester -> Test Lead -> DTT -> Development Lead -> Developer
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Question 11. What Is Defect Masking?
An incidence in which one illness prevents the detection of some other.
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Question 12. What Is Defect Density?
The number of defects recognized in a thing or machine divided by way of the size of the component or machine (expressed in popular size terms, e.G. Traces-of code, variety of lessons or feature points).
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Question thirteen. What Is Defect Based Test Design Technique?
A manner to derive and/or select test instances centered at one or extra illness categories, with checks being advanced from what is thought about the particular illness category.
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Question 14. What Is Defect Report?
A record reporting on any flaw in a factor or machine that may purpose the thing or system to fail to perform its required characteristic.
Question 15. Give A Sample Defect Report Template?
A Sample Defect Report Template:
Defect ID: Unique No or Name
Description: Summary of the illness
Feature: Module / Function / Service , in those module TE located the defect
Test Case Name: Corresponding failing test situation
Reproducible (Yes / No): Yes -> Every time defect appears at some stage in test execution
No -> Rarely disorder appears
If Yes, attach test method:
If No, connect snapshot & strong reasons:
Status: New / Reopen
7) Severity: Seriousness of defect w.R.T capability (high / medium / low)
Priority: Importance of the disorder w.R.T clients (excessive / medium / low)
Reported worm: Name of Test Engineer
Reported on: Date of submission
Assign to: Name of the accountable individual in improvement group -> PM
Build Version ID: In which build, Test Engineer fount the defect
Suggested restore (Optional): Tester attempts to provide notion to resolve this illness
Fixed through: PM or Team Lead
Resolved by way of: Developer name
Resolved on: Date of solving By Developers
Resolution kind: check out in next web page
Approved through: Signature of Project Manager (PM)
Note: Defect Report Template may additionally vary from one business enterprise to every other and one mission to every other
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