Question 1. How Do Local Settings Get Stored In Groupware?
The neighborhood settings are saved in the difficult disk and those settings acts as a blueprint of the actual settings. The settings are stored beneath HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE that refer to the local device settings and it consists of the ones settings which are presently being used. As quickly as the consumer makes use of Groupware sync then those settings receives transferred to HKEY_CURRENT_USER, which stores the setting person sensible. This manner more than one users can use the identical machine however, it doesn’t allow seeing every other’s neighborhood settings when shifting from one user to some other.
Question 2. What Is The Content That Is Used To Customize The Groupware Integration Module?
Customizing is a characteristic this is given because the a part of IMG (Integration module of groupware) surroundings and it can be accessed via the transaction SPRO (SAP Project Reference object) in CRM (purchaser courting control). The synchronization needs to be carried out among the CRM and SAP. The setting of the client can be generated on demand.
The customization is permitted for each CRM and SAP and the settings consist of:
Property Name---- Default Value Description
DEFAULT_APPT_PROC_TYPE - 0000 - Default transaction type
DEFAULT_TASK_PROC_TYPE - 1003 - Default process kind for new duties
REL_NAME_MY_ACCOUNTS - CXP001 - Relation for bills of hobby
REL_NAME_MY_CONTACTS - BUR011 - Relation for contacts of interest
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Question 3. Explain Different Types Of Setting’s Properties Included For Customizations In Groupware?
The setting’s residences which are concerned in groupware having, cost and outline attached to it. These are as follows:
DEFAULT_APPT_PROC_TYPE: This is a transaction type that is used to create a brand new appointment and used inside the CRM. This lets in the technique type to be chosen together with the sorts like Business pastime or assembly. This kind receives created by using default and user could be triggered for it.
DEFAULT_TASK_PROC_TYPE: This is also a transaction kind that is used to create new obligations associated with the once chosen via the user.
REL_NAME_MY_ACCOUNTS: This is a belongings that consists of the connection among the account and employee this is used to mark the debts which might be relevant for synchronization. This includes the facts of the consumer that has related bills for synchronization.
REL_NAME_MY_CONTACTS: This is a property that includes the relationship between the contact and the employee this is related to the corporation and it's far used to construct synchronization among the 2.
Question 4. How Is The Synchronized Information Stored?
There is a records that is maintained to store the information of the 2 entities which might be associated with each other and are already synchronized. This also continues the statistics about the entity that is remaining up to date at the server. This data is required to preserve the link among the two always synchronized. This will assist in now not loosing any information and maintaining tasks, appointments and contacts as synchronized entities. It could be very essential for a huge system to hold the facts preserved. The syntax of the records report will be given as follows:
Where EntityName in “app”,”tsk”,”cont”
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Question 5. What Are The Reasons Involved In Having Groupware Servers And Its Services?
There are two exceptional motives that are required to have a backup mechanism to keep the history facts. These motives are as follows:
If any report is deleted from the computer or the record receives corrupted, stolen or lost due to server blunders or some specific reason then it's miles very difficult to compute it without having any preceding know-how on this regard. The effect of this will come at the linking of the 2 entities which is no extra available so the synchronization will take extra area.
If the consumer synchronizes the equal information on two special machines and having the identical user in both exclusive machines then the history information that is save on both the machines might be unique. There could be a mismatch of the records and one will over write some other one.
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Question 6. What Is The Process, If The Synchronization Of Same File Has To Be Done On Different Machines?
The trouble that arises due to the synchronizing the same file on distinct machines can have an impact on the overall system. This will happen due to previous report on one gadget has to overwrite or an error might arise when seeking to overwrite the file because of signature trouble.
The method that can be accompanied is as follows:
Load history documents that include the information regarding the server’s transaction.
Check with the server that the brand new entries exist while the other system’s history document will be copied. If there is no records file then all the facts receives copied efficaciously.
The records records this is brought can be saved within the internal collection and it is going to be written in the local report. Add history statistics again from server to inner series.
Question 7. What Are The Different Types Of Modules That Are Included In Groupware?
Modules are assigned to every folder structure, in groupware it is maintained within the form of tree shape. The permissions must be set respective of the customers or corporations and the folders associated with it.
The modules which are associated with groupware are as follows:
Portal module is a customizable module having an overview web page that consists of the summaries of the folders and internet-pages.
Search module offers wide variety of worldwide search outcomes via looking it at some point of the folder gadgets.
Tasks module offers automated highlights of the obligations and the offerings that is being presented via the groupware servers.
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Question eight. What Are The Steps Taken To Ensure The Proper Management Of The System?
The steps which can be taken by means of the customers to make sure the control of the gadget are as follows:
Create a repair point and make a backup of the present day statistics so that it can be restored at later stage.
Manage the consultation of each user to save their part of facts and put together it for necessary backups.
View all of the system logs which might be associated with logins, overall performance and the problems related to the system.
View statistics acquired about the pages that are viewed, uploads took place, downloads completed by means of customers and other statistical facts.
Manage database procedures and the variables which can be associated with it.
Manage contents and administrative duties.
Question nine. How Is The Data Accessed With Mount-point?
There are numerous records assets via which the easy groupware may be accessed. The gaining access to services are as: IMAP, SMTP, POP3, and so on. The facts this is outside the database want to be examine by developing a folder and growing a mount-point for that records source. The statistics source may be imported through importing the files to “<sgs-dir>/import” folder and the mount-factor is about on that folder. The mount-factor this is externally defined will permit clean integration of the groupware tree shape and it will replica all of the statistics resources in that structure most effective. This allows the groupware database to be synchronized to get the better seek consequences for all the customers. The outside folder shape may be shared by means of giving it all of the permissions to be accessed through all of the servers and structures.
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Question 10. What Are The Steps Involved In Building A Custom Export In Groupware?
To build custom export sure steps must be observed:
Construct a unique URL within the browser to build a custom export and the URL need to have the folder in which your installation step is present.
Choose parameters which are records unique like folders, view, begin, and so forth.
Navigate through the tree and place the complete dataset inside the folder structure in which others also are positioned. The folders may be represented by way of more than a few or a string. The instance shows that: e.G. Folder=10 or folder=/Workspace/Mails/
Find out the folder’s ID through analyzing the URL in which the folder structure is residing and same view is maintained for the duration of.
Every folder consists of various perspectives that represent the same or unique records.
Question eleven. Write A Program To Show The Url Being Written For Groupware?
The URL includes a hyperlink and the path of the folder shape where all of the files are positioned and related to each other. The example is given beneath:
This is used to export the statistics like news feed in RSS format and show in accordance the view that is decided on. The time also can be delivered to symbolize the real date on which the export is being achieved or made. The time includes the date and the year in which the transaction has taken place. It is represented as:
http://user_server/sgs/bin/index.Hypertext Preprocessor?Folder=/Workspace/System/Events/&view=display&export=rss&nowadays=01/01/06&markdate=12 months&username=demo&password=demo
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Question 12. What Are The Different Filters Used While Creating Url Of The Groupware?
The entries in the URL this is entered may be filtered by means of the usage of the syntax as:
The filters can be chained with one another to match the datasets inside the question and deliver the effects up to the factor.
The chaining could be represented as:
disciplinepriceoperator3which can be utilized in between the fields and the values are as follows:
eq A identical B
neq A no longer same B
lt A lesser than B
gt A extra than B
like A contains B
nlike A not carries B
starts A begins with B
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Question 13. Write A Program That Shows All The Consolidated Appointments At One Place?
The software underneath suggests all the appointments in a folder this is consolidated and clear out is being used to type out the end result:
http://user_server/sgs/bin/index.Personal home page
&filters=deal withthis is used to get all appointments collectively
The appointments are appropriate way to remain prepared and permit the records to be maintained in an orderly way. The filters are used to deal with the appointments and the use of to discover the result according to the question that is being entered.
Question 14. What Is The Difference Between Contact And Account Synchronization?
Contacts are synchronized the use of the enterprise companions and their co-operation in synchronizing the contacts, whereas the money owed are not synchronized using this approach.
Contacts consists of the character listing of all of the clients associated in groupware, whereas bills consists of the consolidated list of all the contacts in overall which can be present within the standard groupware control panel.
Contacts are synchronized the use of the organisation information that consists of address and get in touch with quantity, whereas accounts are synchronized the usage of the contacts which are saved inside the panel.
Question 15. What Is The Difference Between Groupware Appointments And Crm Activities?
Groupware Appointments are synchronized the usage of mapping strategies, whereas the CRM sports are getting class or class appointments the usage of the CRM techniques.
CRM sports don’t consist of the exception that has occurred within the assembly collection, while all of the logs and exceptions are maintained in Groupware device.
CRM sports are present in one of a kind class but they are represented in challenge primarily based list and then they'll be synchronized to the groupware. Whereas, the category this is being transferred to the groupware can be synchronized but it is able to’t be returned lower back to the original country.
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Question sixteen. What Are The Steps Involved In Identifying New Or Deleted Entries In Groupware?
The entities which can be new or deleted can be identified by groupware just be seeing the records that consists of all of the information and the facts for the access. The entry inside the history normally is having a missing entry on one side and it's far to be deleted. The appointment may be checked in this situation by using moving the timeslot that isn't always included within the current time body. The new or deleted entries can be identified by searching on the ID and have a search for the entries inside the database. If the precise result is being met then it shows the result and from there the fame of the entries may be found.
Question 17. What Are The Rules Required To Detect The Changed Objects?
To detect the modified gadgets there are a few regulations that has to be observed otherwise the result may be unwanted.
The policies are as follows:
All the entities that is being cited inside the items ought to have a flag of “LastModified” thru which the gadget can understand the time at which it's been modified and the modifications may be detected very without problems. If the date of the object is more moderen then it receives stored within the history, and it needs to be modified because the later item comes into action.
The response to a reminder receives saved in the object generally in groupware structures and document is made to be aware the adjustments this is being executed leading to a re-synchronization of the duties that has been achieved but now not in sync.
The change in any of the item collection could be handled as the alternate that leads to synchronization and it happens in time body.
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Question 18. How To Handle The Addresses For The Contacts In Groupware?
Address coping with of contacts isn't always an smooth challenge as it calls for quite up and down from the server. It requires the statistics to be transferred from server to client and this is simple. The data that is sent to client is overwritten or if it is not already created then it receives created at that point. The transaction from purchaser to server is complicated procedure because the contacts that are being given from consumer to the server requires ample quantity of time and it calls for the server to accept the messages from the customer as properly. This calls for the server to be having the data concerning the client region and the services through which the switch of the addresses are going on.
To take care of the addresses for touch, the customer makes a request and the server responds to it.
Server then searches its repository and attempts to discover regarding the customer’s request.
If determined successfully the end result is lower back to client, if no longer then blunders message is sent to the client concerning his request.
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Question 19. What Are The Issues That Come While Transferring The Contacts From Client To Server?
It isn't smooth to switch the data from client to server because it calls for lot of dealing with of the records and the node needs to be equipped that is going to make this switch feasible.
There are important issues that come even as shifting from patron to server and they're as follows:
Client facet consists of account facts that compromises of call and cope with/smartphone facts. It doesn’t have an ID thru which the records can be transferred. So, for every transaction there could be a seek to, discover the precise matching of the account on the server.
The commercial enterprise address is some other trouble that consists of the enterprise associated statistics of the touch and doesn’t have an ID. So, it turns into hard to locate the deal with at the server and try to find out the present one.
Question 20. What Are The Possibilities That Can Occur If The Contact Is Created Or Changed On Groupware System?
Changing of touch or advent of it calls for a few steps to exchange few settings to allow it to be synchronized with the groupware machine:
If there's any exchange in the contact then for the non-public records there gained’t be any special coping with that needs to be performed.
If there is any enterprise associated information that includes account name, paintings address and contact quantity, and so forth. Then a request is despatched to the server to synchronize all the addresses and it hyperlinks the changed account with the server. A search is made on the server to find out the exact in shape of the account on the server.
Any list that is back from the server gets evaluated and the precise matching account is used.
If there's no genuine matching then the feasible addresses are added to the contact and a listing of all of the feasible effects might be despatched to the customer, from which it may select the mixtures this is matching his account.
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Question 21. What Are The Four Condition Of Time-area Matrix Used In Groupware Systems?
The type of groupware system is primarily based on the time-space matrix.
This time-area matrix consists of exclusive eventualities like:
Same location identical time: this consists of the face to face interplay and doesn’t require some thing complex. This is one of the simplest situations.
Same place exceptional time: This consists of asynchronous interaction. The complexity this is involved with this is not that an awful lot however to create the interplay one must be synchronized with every other character.
Different vicinity unique time: This consists of of synchronous disbursed interplay. This includes example of recording of a certain lecture and uploading it on the internet site so others can view and use it in step with their time and vicinity.
Different area same time: This consists of synchronous disbursed interplay. This includes the example of a website this is visited with the aid of the various people on the equal time and the assets also are available for them to use.
Question 22. How Are The Groupware Systems Classified?
Groupware systems are classified on the premise of the functions carried out via them at higher levels.
The capabilities the ones are included:
Computer mediated verbal exchange- this includes direct conversation with each other and feature in implementation the assembly and selection support device to apprehend the character of the communication.
Shared applications- this consists of the applications that are shared over the network like the objects which can be required for the communique. The shared applications may be taken by all of us who's associated in the community and permit anyone to share an increasing number of programs.
Artifacts which can be used by the customers help the interplay of clients with each other that makes use of the shared work gadgets.
Question 23. What Does The Groupware System Architecture Involve?
The groupware device structure is a popular structure that is commonplace for all the humans and parties this is using it.
It consists of the subsequent 3 layers:
Infrastructure: This is the lowest degree in the architecture. It includes:
Content exchange mechanism that allows users to trade the statistics that they're working on and talk with some other party the usage of this.
Authentication offerings that allow a couple of person to be speaking with each different on the same time.
Directory services that allow the recording of the addresses which are speaking at that second of time.
Communication: This is the layer this is on pinnacle of infrastructure and permits consumer to speak via e-mail with every other.
Collaboration: This is on the top of communication layer and allows actual time verbal exchange to take region and beautify the communique to the following stage in which the video chats are also a possibility. This includes:
Calendaring and Scheduling
File and printer services
Electronic document management
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Question 24. What Are The Functionalities Performed On The Front End Of The Server?
The the front quit server includes verbal exchange protocols which might be used to talk from one system to every other system.
This consists of:
Mail User Agent (MUA) - This permits easy delivery of mails from one consumer to another consumer and permits the person to communicate with one another as properly.
Email Messages- This consists of composing of the mails, managing the mails and taking positive movements on them, sending them to different character, and receiving mails from different humans with whom the communication is related.
Embedded services- This consists of addressing, packaging, signing, and encrypting outgoing messages and it is a relaxed technique that doesn’t allow third birthday party to hinder in transferring of the message. This additionally includes the decrypting provider that takes the message and shows it.
Polling server updates such that it'll be available to all the clients at one cross.
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Question 25. What Are The Different Types Of Nature In Groupware Systems?
Groupware structures come described under natures.
These natures are as follows:
Synchronous groupware: consists of the elegance of application that assist a group of bodily separated human beings to interact with each other using actual time systems or gadgets that are shared over the network. Synchronous groupware requires actual-time coordination with their customers to discover the precise nature of the verbal exchange they're having.
Asynchronous groupware: consists of the use of digital mails, dependent messages, dealers, and so forth. In the device for the verbal exchange. It also calls for a specified workflow, and computer conferencing, techniques to set a communication among special events. The collaborations are most effective be done and maintained if there is no restrict at the transfer of the information.
Question 26. What Are The Levels Of Collaboration In Which Groupware Systems Can Be Divided?
There are positive ranges of collaboration levels utilized in conversation, conferencing and coordination between extraordinary human beings doing online collaboration with each different. This consists of sure introduction, management, statistics sharing and collaborative projects tools to make the transaction efficaciously. Communication is an crucial factor of the collaborative computing and calls for unstructured interchange of statistics among the events like immediate chat or messages.
Conferencing on the other hand is extra of an interactive work performed by using exceptional individuals to acquire a purpose that is given.
Coordination is also an factor and plays an essential function in collaboration. It calls for complex calculations and interdependent work to reach the intention that is given.
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Question 27. What Are The Functionalities Performed On The Back End Of The Server?
The functionalities which might be carried out from backend as follows:
The server usage the message storage directories and the listing person agent to hold tune of all of the clients which might be in sync with the server or speaking with it.
Directory services are provided to manipulate the names of the clients, their electronic mail addresses and the distribution lists so that they can be reached in case of any loss of records.
Message Transfer Agents (MTA) offers the e-mail to the recipients who are dwelling somewhere else now and again and allow them to reply them returned.
Email Application Programming Interface (API) allows clean integration of the subroutines and feature that enable this system to get entry to various components like MAPI, VIM, and so forth to be used with the e-mail system.
The use some predefined protocols to set up the verbal exchange among the two computer systems or servers described at a area.
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Question 28. What Is The Function Of Binary Large Objects (blobs) In Groupware Systems?
Binary Large objects (BLOBS) allow the utility to be portable and they may be multi-platform. These applications are platform dependent however now not the architecture established. They provide copies of the software that can be used on distinctive systems. The files that are created get saved in a single database document and proper indexing is being executed to make the hunt faster.
B+ tree set of rules is used to make the hunt characteristic and pointers are used that points to the beginning of the document to make it less difficult for the consumer to get the end result. The item consists of the records approximately the report within the starting of the storage location and permits it to be retrieved from that place. The database this is blanketed helps transparency, isolation and locking of the files to make it greater secure and usable.
Question 29. What Are The Issues Involved With Communication And Collaboration Layers?
The issues worried in conversation in addition to collaboration layers are as follows:
The e mail system that is designed to support the customer ought to be capable of handle the text, pics, video and sound and permit the customers to upload or use the identical.
The e-mail help gadget should have the ability to test the layout that is being utilized by the files which might be getting uploaded or used. No file have to have the same format.
The e mail guide systems aren't want to be well suited between distinctive organizations.
The garage of the files which can be in unstructured format need to be addressed and listed properly.
Collaboration layer have to allow exclusive kinds of digital record to be used by the machine.
They should have clean sharing alternatives of these files.
The device need to be capable of save and discover the files over the community and permit the downloading to be accomplished on the purchaser system.
Question 30. What Are The General Implementation Issues In The Groupware Systems?
The groupware structures are easy to implement however because of loss of hardware and software expertise they continually have implementation troubles that want to be stated and taken care of out before collaborating or speaking.
The issues involved are as follows:
Collection: The collection of all of the files at one place want to be done to growth the opportunity of having the files well listed.
Organization: The sources need to be properly indexed and organized to make the hunt quicker in case of any question.
Management and Processing: The management of the resources desires to be performed to allow the processing of new entries and replacing the vintage entries with the brand new one.
The characteristic want to be obvious of the bodily area wherein the customers and seek tools are deployed, this allows in making the verbal exchange greater relaxed.