Question 1. What Is Quality Center?
HP Quality Center is Web based Test Management tool. We can access Quality Center over the net or intranet, thru a Web browser. It includes interrelated steps which includes defining release, growing requirement, designing and execution of exams, tracking and reporting defects. Quality Center or Application Life Cycle Management(ALM) simplifies and organizes utility control through giving us systematic manipulate over the procedure.
It helps in developing framework and basis for software management workflow. Quality middle functions a gadget for organizing and tracking utility release, permitting us to align business priorities and great expectation with our assignment’s requirement, take a look at and defects.
Question 2. What Is Requirement Traceability Matrix (rtm)? Expain?
Requirement Trace-ability matrix is matrix to map among requirements and test cases or test eventualities. The traceability matrix links a commercial enterprise requirement to its corresponding purposeful requirement Traceability Matrix (RTM) is updated by way of Development and Testing teams and utilized by stake holders of the assignment to test if all of the necessities are addressed, applied and Tested. Traceability Matrix lets in ahead or backward tracking of Business requirement, Functional Requirement, Design Code and Testing.
Consider a state of affairs wherein, you have already got lots of take a look at instances advanced from the requirements. Now a requirement is changed or changed.
Obviously you may need to alternate your check instances to meet this new requirement
But , by using now your take a look at case suite may be very huge and it's miles very hard to hint the test cases stricken by the test instances
Instead, if the necessities were numbered and have been referenced in the take a look at case suite it would have been very easy to tune the take a look at instances that are affected. This is nothing however Traceability
If a Test Case fails, traceability facilitates determine the corresponding functionality without difficulty .
It additionally helps make certain that every one necessities are examined.
Traceability Matrix is a living file that would be up to date each time there are approved additions or changes to Business / Functional Requirements, Design, Unit / Integration / Functional Test Cases and Defects.
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Question 3. What Are The Modules Of Quality Center?
The Quality Center modules are:
Management Module: This module includes following sub modules:
Release module: Enable us to outline launch and cycles for the application control technique.
Libraries module: Enables us to define libraries to music changes in challenge, reuse entities in venture, or percentage entities across more than one projects.
Requirement Module: Helps us to manage necessities. This includes defining what we're checking out, defining requirement subjects and gadgets, also analyzing necessities.
Test Plan: Enable us to increase and manage check in a hierarchical tree-structure. Tests may be related to requirement and defects.
Test Resources: Enables us to manipulate check resources in a hierarchical tree structure. Tests resources can be associated with tests.
Test lab: Enables us to run assessments and analyze the consequences.
Defect Module: Helps us to file defects, determine, restore priorities and reopen defects.
Dashboard: Helps to create graphs, reports and excel reviews.
Question 4. How Many Built In Tables Does Quality Center Have?
There are six tables on hand to user via QC’s customized mission interface:
Test Step Table
Test Set Table
Question 5. What Are The Benefits Of Requirement Traceability?
Requirement Traceability defines a dating between or extra necessities. When reading the impact of a change proposed in precise requirements, the traceability links imply the opposite requirements in the necessities tree; we can set up traceability between the necessities.
Using this tab inside the Requirement Details view, you could upload traceability hyperlink to and from decided on requirement. Trace from links suggests requirements that have an effect on a selected requirement. Trace to hyperlinks indicates necessities which might be tormented by a selected requirement. When a requirement change QC alerts the affected requirements this can be seen via all users. QC sends e-mail notification to the authors of the affected requirements.
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Question 6. Can We Convert Or Generate Test From The Requirements?
Yes we are able to convert and also generate take a look at case from the necessities.
There are two methods we are able to use to generate assessments from the requirements:
Convert Requirement to check: convert requirement to test in a distinct subject inside the check plan tree. We can convert decided on requirement or all necessities within the necessities tree.
Generate a take a look at from requirements: convert requirement to a check in a distinct concern inside the check plan tree and a specific test set in the Test Lab modules. This technique enables us to fast run a test whilst analyzing our necessities.
Question 7. Explain Version Control?
Version Control helps us to keep music of changes made to entities in our task inclusive of necessities. In this we can create and manage QC entities while keeping previous model of these entities in requirements.
To make modifications in an entity in a version control enabled venture, first we have to check out the entity. When we test out an entity, QC locks the entity, preventing different customers from overwriting any modifications we make. The checked out version of the entity isn't seen to the opposite user.
We can check out an entity within the following ways:
Checking Out Entities Automatically
Checking Out Entities Manually
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Question 8. Can We Create A Qtp Test From Qc?
Yes we are able to create QTP take a look at from QC but we ought to first make sure QTP has the potential to execute exams from Quality Center. Please ensure the following alternative in QTP Run Settings is enabled:
When QTP is enabled, follow the under steps to agenda and execute checks from Quality Center:
Login to Quality Center and Navigate to Test Lab Module
After selecting the best Test Set, Click the Execution Flow Tab.
Right-click on on the take a look at that calls for configuration of Time Dependency and click Test Run Schedule.
In the Run Schedule window, pick the Time Dependency tab. The time and date of execution may be configured.
Time dependency could be added to the applicable test.
After time dependency has been introduced, navigate returned to the Execution Grid pane. From the Execution Grid, choose the assessments to be run at the designated date and time.
From the Automatic Runner dialog, click on Run All.
Once Run All is clicked from the Automatic Runner dialog, the test status will change to Waiting and QC will hearth the tests to be run on the scheduled date and time:
QC will hearth the tests in the series configured in the Execution Flow pane. The Test Run Scheduler will show all of the tests that were selected and are executing and are to be carried out.
Question nine. What Is Purge Run?
Purge Run is used to delete old test run bring about undertaking. By default Purge Run delete all the run bring about the selected test sets. Purge run may be used to:
Delete handiest Test Runs: In this we are able to select a time frame before which we want to delete check run end result
Delete simplest Run Steps: In this we can pick out a time frame earlier than which we need to delete run steps.
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Question 10. What Is Test Set Notification, And When We Need It?
Test set notification is used to tell special user. We can teach QC to ship e-mail to a precise consumer if any of the following occasions happens for a take a look at set:
Any test is the check set fails.
Test within the test set fails due to purpose other than the check good judgment itself, Environmental failure ought to consist of. Ex. Functional name not returning access violations, model incompatibility between utility additives, a missing DLL.
All tests within the check set that had been run have been finished going for walks. But this doesn't include tests that are not executed.
Question 11. What Is The Need Of Host Manager?
Using host Manager we can run take a look at on a bunch connected to our network. Using the Host Manager Dialog box we will create a listing of to be had host for check execution and also organize hosts into companies for use for a selected assignment.
Following condition ought to be kept in thoughts earlier than executing check on remote host:
QTP should be mounted on every device where you desire to execute the checks.
QTP need to be configured to permit other HP products to run
QTP Connectivity upload-in hooked up on both the Host (QTP) machines in addition to the QC system.
Define your host machines inside the Host Manager of QC.
Ensure that Object Repositories and/or Function Libraries which are utilized by all scripts are ‘shared’ and accessible from all machines.
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Question 12. Explain Linking Defect To Test In Quality Control?
We can hyperlink a take a look at in our take a look at plan to a particular defect within the Defect Grid. This is useful, as an instance, while a new take a look at is created especially for a acknowledged disorder. By developing a linking, we are able to determine if the test have to be run based totally on the repute of the illness. We also can link the disorder to other entities, inclusive of requirements. A defect may be linked at once or circuitously to an entity.
When we upload a defect link to an entity, QC provides an instantaneous link to this entity and oblique link to other related entities. When we hyperlink a disorder to run step, it provides an indirect link to its run, test instance, check set and check. If the equal take a look at is included by using a requirement, an indirect hyperlink is also delivered to the requirement, however oblique linkage is one directional flow.
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Question 13. What Is Matching Defects?
Matching Defects enables us to cast off replica or similar defects in assignment. When we add a brand new illness, QC stores listing of key phrases from the Summary and Description Fields. When we search for comparable defects, key phrases in these fields are matched towards other defects. Keywords are more than two characters and they're no longer case touchy. We have strategies to conduct search of similar defects.
Finding comparable Defects: evaluate a particular defect with all different present defects in undertaking.
Finding similar Text: compare a particular take a look at string in opposition to all other current defects in undertaking.
Question 14. What Is Defect Tracking?
Defect Tracking manner locating and repairing software defect successfully. Defects can be brought or detected to undertaking by the users at some stage in all ranges of utility control procedure. The defect tracking workflow includes following:
Adding Defects: After locating new defect we put up to QC venture. The assignment shops disorder data that may be accessed by way of authorized customers.
Reviewing New Defects: Reviewing all new defects and determine which one to repair.
Repairing Open Defects: Fix the Open defects.
Testing a New Application Build: Run take a look at on the new construct of the software.
Analyzing Defect Data: View Defect Report to see what number of defects have been resolved, and how many nonetheless stay open.
Question 15. How Many Types Of Report Are There In Qc?
We can generate reviews any time during the trying out method from each QC module, the use of default or customized putting. We can follow filters and kind situations, and display records consistent with our specification. Following kinds are reports are available to us in QC:
Requirement Module Reports: Standard Requirements, Tabular, Requirement with coverage check, requirement with Coverage test and Steps, requirement with linked Defects, requirements with Traceability, file decided on.
Test Plan Module Reports: widespread check making plans, difficulty tree, exams with design steps, exams with blanketed Requirements, checks with related Defect, document Selected,
Test Lab Module Reports: modern check set, pass check set, test set Hierarchy with tests, pass check set with checks, execution notification.
Defects Module Reports: trendy Defects, Tabular defects, fixed or rejected Defects, report selected.
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Question sixteen. How Many Types Of Graphs Are There In Qc?
Following kinds are reports are available to us in QC:
Requirement Module Graphs: requirements precis graph, requirements development graph, requirements insurance graph, requirements- fashion graph, graph wizard.
Test Plan Module Graphs: take a look at planning summary graph, test making plans development graph, test plan fashion graph, graph wizard,
Test Lab Module Graph: test execution summary graph( modern take a look at set), check execution progress graph(contemporary check set), test execution precis graph(cross test set), take a look at execution development graph(cross test set) , graph wizard.
Defect Module Graph: defect precis graph, illness development graph, defect age graph, disorder fashion graph, graph wizard.
Question 17. What Are The Features Of Quality Center?
Features of QC are listed underneath:
QC allows to hold mission database of test that covers all functionality of application.
QC offers integration with HP checking out equipment (WinRunner, QTP and Load Runner) in addition to third birthday celebration tools.
QC affords an intuitive and green technique for scheduling and executing test sets, gathering take a look at outcomes, and reading the information.
Qc helps in illness tracking, allowing to reveal defects carefully from initial detection to resolution.
By linking QC to e-mail device, illness monitoring records can be shared by means of all software development, excellent guarantee and customer support.
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Question 18. How To Use Quality Centre In Real Time Project?
After finishing the test instances, we do:
Export the take a look at instances into Quality Centre.
The test cases will be loaded within the check plan module.
When execution is began. We pass the check cases from take a look at plan tab to the test lab module
In take a look at lab, we execute the take a look at instances and placed as skip or fail or incomplete. We generate the graph inside the take a look at lab for day by day document and sent to the unique consumer.
If we got any defects and lift the defects in the disorder module. When elevating the defects, connect the defects with the screen shot.
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Question 19. How To Map The Requirements With Test Cases In Quality Centre?
For mapping the requirement with take a look at cases we do:
1. In requirements tab pick insurance view
2. Select requirement by clicking on discern/baby or grandchild
3. On right hand facet (In insurance view window) every other window will appear. It has tabs:
Test insurance tab may be decided on with the aid of default otherwise you click on on it.
4. Click on pick out exams button a new window will seem on proper hand aspect and you'll see a list of all assessments. You cans choose any test case you need to map together with your necessities.
Question 20. How Can We Use Filter In Qc?
We can use Filter on Quality Center facts to display handiest those record that meets the standards that we outline. We can assign a unmarried object (which includes failed) or logical expression (including Passed or Failed) to a clear out. Only file meeting all the standards of the clear out appear within the grid or tree. In addition, we can outline more than one filters.
For example, we are able to define the Status filter out as Failed and the tester as “Rohit or Mayank”. Only test runs completed by way of Rohit and Mayank are displayed.
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Question 21. What Is Unattached Folder In Test Plan?
We delete a folder or test from the check plan tree. When we delete a folder, we are able to choose to delete the folder best, or the folder, its subfolders, and test. If we choose to delete the folder most effective, all the checks are moved to unattached folder in the take a look at plan tree. If we choose to delete a folder and take a look at, all subfolder and check beneath the selected folder are deleted permanently. If we delete a check, the test and take a look at script are deleted completely.
Question 22. What Is Difference Between Generate Test From The Requirements And Convert Requirements To Test?
When we convert the requirements to test in a particular problem within the test plan tree in which as in generating check case, the take a look at case generates from necessities are saved in a distinctive concern in a check plan tree and a particular check set in Test Lab module. And by way of default we can't generate a test for the following, which do not enable to insurance:
Question 23. Is ‘no longer Covered’ And ‘not Run’ Status Are Same?
No, Not Covered popularity way all those requirements for which the take a look at instances aren't written where as Not Run status means all those requirements for which test instances are written however aren't run.
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Question 24. What Is The Advantage Of Libraries In Quality Center?
A library represents a collection of entities in a QC, consisting of their courting to each different. When handling many comparable projects, it gives the gain of no longer having again and again created entities. Libraries can be imported shape Project A into Project B, examine towards each other, or even synchronized.
A library additionally allows one to collect the same entities as in versioning. With Quality Center Premier Edition, defects aren't blanketed, however they may be shared with the brand new HP Quality Center Synchronizer manually among several QC mission.
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Question 25. What Types Of Database Are Used In Qc?
When we create a QC undertaking, We want to store and manage the statistics generated and accumulated through Quality Center. Each challenge is supported by a database that shops venture statistics.
The following database application may be used to save and manipulate Quality Center data:
Oracle nine.2.Zero.6 Standard/Enterprise Edition
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 (SP2).
Question 26. What Is Meant By Test Lab In Quality Centre?
Test lab is part of Quality Centre in which we will execute our take a look at on distinct cycles growing take a look at tree for each one of them. We want to feature check to these take a look at trees from the tests, that are placed under test plan inside the venture. Internally Quality Centre will refer to this take a look at while running then inside the test lab.
Question 27. How Do You Run Reports From Quality Centre ?
This is how you do it
Open the Quality Centre task
Displays the necessities modules
Analysis -> reports -> trendy requirements record
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Question 28. Can We Upload Test Cases From An Excel Sheet Into Quality Centre?
Yes go to Add-In menu Quality Centre, locate the excel add-In, and deploy it for your gadget.
Now open excel, you can find the brand new menu choice export to Quality Centre. Rest of the method is self explanatory.