Question 1. Explain What Is Local Area Network?
A local location network (LAN) is a computer network overlaying a small physical vicinity, like a home, office, or small institution of buildings, together with a school, or an airport.
Lan stands for nearby location network. A quantity of structures connected in a bodily connectivity in a limited geographical location this is referred to as lan. It affords full time connective.
Question 2. Explain How To Create Vlan?
VLAN is technology wherein we can administratively assign extraordinary ports of identical layer to replace to distinctive subnet works.
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Question three. Explain What Is Difference Between Baseband And Broadband Transmission?
In the baseband transmission, the whole bandwidth of the cable is fed on via a unmarried sign. In broadband transmission, alerts are despatched on more than one frequencies, permitting more than one alerts to be sent simultaneously.
In baseband transmission we transmit digital sign without changing it into analog, here a low pass channel is used.
In broadband transmission we transmit digital sign with the aid of changing it into analog. Right here a band bypass channel is used.
Question four. Explain What Are The Different Type Of Networking / Internetworking Devices?
Also called a regenerator, it's miles an electronic device that operates best at bodily layer. It gets the signal inside the network earlier than it turns into weak, regenerates the authentic bit sample and puts the refreshed replica returned in to the hyperlink.
These function both inside the bodily and information hyperlink layers of LANs of identical type. They divide a larger network in to smaller segments. They include good judgment that allow them to preserve the site visitors for each phase separate and therefore are repeaters that relay a frame only the aspect of the section containing the intended recipent and manage congestion.
They relay packets among multiple interconnected networks (i.E. LANs of different kind). They function within the bodily, facts hyperlink and network layers. They comprise software that allow them to decide which of the numerous possible paths is the satisfactory for a specific transmission.
They relay packets among networks which have specific protocols (e.G. Among a LAN and a WAN). They be given a packet formatted for one protocol and convert it to a packet formatted for every other protocol before forwarding it. They operate in all seven layers of the OSI version.
I Think Switches has left each layer 2 and three. Bridges are not used in recent times and it additionally paintings on data hyperlink layer and no longer on bodily layer.
It breaks collasion domain. Uses MAC deal with to communicate. Faster than bridges.
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Question five. Explain Ping Utility?
PING stands Packet Internet Gopher. This is a software for making sure connectivity among computers . ICMP protocol works behind this software. Under it , sending node sends packets to destination node and respond is acquired if there's proper verbal exchange among .
PING : Packet Internet Gropper
it's a diagnostic software , which diagnose devices connectivity.
It use ICMP: Internet Control Messaging protocol to send echo requests ( commonly 4 packets) and get hold of echo replies (4 packets)
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Question 6. Explain What Is Netbios And Netbeui?
NETBIOS is a programming interface that permits I/O requests to be despatched to and acquired from a faraway laptop and it hides the networking hardware from packages.
NETBEUI is NetBIOS extended person interface. A transport protocol designed through microsoft and IBM for the use on small subnets.
NETBIOS is a programming interface that permits I/O request to be send to and obtained from a far off laptop and it hides the networking hardware from packages.
NETBEUI is a netBIOS prolonged user interface. A shipping protocol designed by means of Microsoft and IBM for the use on small subnets.
Question 7. Explain What Is An Access Point (ap)?
An get entry to factor or AP is the infrastructure device that incorporates a stressed network interface and one or extra radio interfaces that bridges information between the air and the cord.
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Question 8. How Does Lan Work?
LANwriter is set up on a WinXPP workstation ready with a CD-Burner, USB Ports for flash drives and connectivity to the Internet for FTP . A LAN user trying to write down a CD or switch records to a pen pressure or an FTP server, starts up the browser on his gadget and factors it to an internet software going for walks at the LANwriter sever, logs in and is guided alongside by way of the software program in moving files to the LANwriter computer.
He then creates a records transfer activity and asks LANwriter to write the information to the selected vacation spot viz. CD, Pen drive or Ftp server. LANwriter executes the writing activity in a queued manner and shops the statistics about the activity in a database and effectively documents the documents to an archive region for destiny reference and reuse. LANwriter for that reason maintains a detailed record of the History of all information writing jobs and acts as a secure information publishing gadget for the organization.
Question 9. Explain Is Setup, Configuration And Maintenance Easy?
YES ! Setup is very easy. Even a lay laptop person could be capable of set up LANwriter without any issue, way to the smart setup application that automatically installs the required gadget components and publications and prompts the user in a friendly way to enter appropriate information as and while necessary. After the initial installation is executed, the primary LANwriter setup can be in addition configured from any system at the community through a web browser.
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Question 10. Explain Lan?
LAN is a computer community that spans a noticeably small location. Most LANs are limited to a unmarried building or group of buildings. However, one LAN may be related to other LANs over any distance thru phone traces and radio waves. A gadget of LANs connected on this manner is known as a extensive-place community (WAN). Most LANs connect workstations and personal computer systems. Each node (individual pc) in a LAN has its very own CPU with which it executes packages, however it also is capable of get entry to records and gadgets everywhere on the LAN. This way that many users can percentage steeply-priced gadgets, together with laser printers, as well as records. Users can also use the LAN to speak with each other, by means of sending email or engaging in chat periods.
Question 11. Explain Can We Have Too Many Aps And What Is The Impact?
We can surely have too many APs and this will genuinely be more troublesome than too few APs. When devices on the equal channel are co-placed without enough channel separation the result is wasted device and decreased overall performance.
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Question 12. Explain Can Lanwriter Be Used Over The Internet?
LANwriter being a browser-based totally software can be accessed over the net if the LANwriter host is published as a digital server in the back of your firewall. However this accessibility is fine used for approving jobs remotely rather than for creating jobs which calls for real bulk file transfer over the network and cannot be finished through the browser.
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Question thirteen. Explain What Are The Security Features In Lanwriter?
Every consumer is required to have a valid login account earlier than using LANwriter to write data. User validation is towards the WindowsXP safety database of the laptop hosting LANwriter. Users are of different types and there are ascending levels of protection privileges.
For eg. Admins have full manipulate whilst Normal users can simplest assemble records writing jobs and write them handiest after Approvers provide approval. All records is cataloged and optionally archived to a spare Disk Drive earlier than being written. This can be cited at whenever to find out what information changed into written by using any unique consumer for any particular task.
Question 14. Explain How Is Lanwriter Administered?
Administration of all components of LANwriter is done through an internet browser from in the LANwriter application itself.
Question 15. Can We Import Users From Active Directory?
The subsequent launch of LANwriter will provide this facility of connecting to an Active Directory server at the community for user control.
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Question 16. Explain Are All Wlan Products Interoperable?
All merchandise that agree to IEEE 802.11 requirements preserve a few interoperability. Products that convey the Wi-Fi certification are examined to verify a base stage of interoperability.
Question 17. Explain What Do I Need To Make A Wlan Work?
Basically all that is wished is a transmitting tool, which connects to the Internet and operates in one of the unlicensed frequency bands, and a receiver (normally a PCMCIA card), which connects on your laptop. But it is not that clean.
There are many modern merchandise that have been designed with precise uses in thoughts. Some are quite simple, and others very sophisticated. It's kind of like asking what sort of computer does a person need? Well it simply depends on what it's getting used for. Is it processing massive quantities of facts, perhaps simply used for surfing the net, possibly maintaining top-mystery facts! It's obvious that the type of job dictates the kind of device wanted. Are you confused yet? Don't worry! LBA has the information that will help you decide what is the proper gadget on your commercial enterprise utility.
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Question 18. What Is A Wireless Lan (wlan)?
Very sincerely, a WLAN is a wi-fi or radio frequency extension of a LAN. Some WLANs but, which include ad-hoc networks haven't any wired additives. Generally those networks are based at the IEEE 802.11 protocol suite but also can encompass proprietary communication protocols.
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Question 19. Which Protocol Reduces Administrative Overhead In A Switched Network By Allowing The Configuration Of A New Vlan To Be Distributed To All The Switches In A Domain?Defined It?
Virtual Trunk Protocol (VTP) is used to pass a VLAN database to all or any switches within the switched community. The three VTP modes are server, customer, and transparent.
Question 20. When A New Trunk Link Is Configured On An Ios-based totally Switch, Which Vlans Are Allowed Over The Link?
By default, all VLANs are allowed at the trunk hyperlink and also you need to put off by hand every VLAN that you don't need traversing the trunked hyperlink.
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Question 21. What Is Boot To Lan?
Boot to LAN is most often used whilst you are doing a fresh installation on a system. What you'll do is setup a community-primarily based installer able to community-booting through PXE. Boot to LAN allows this by way of allowing a pre-boot environment to look for a DHCP server and connect with the broadcasting community set up server.
Environments which have very massive numbers of systems greater regularly than now not have the capability of pushing out photos through the community. This reduces the amount of palms-on time this is required on each gadget, and keeps the installs extra constant.