Question 1. What Is Land Use Planning?
Land use planning inside the context of improvement cooperation is an iterative process based totally at the communicate amongst all stakeholders aiming to define sustainable land makes use of in rural regions.
Question 2. What Is Objective Of Land Use Planning?
“Land use making plans creates the preconditions required to obtain a type of land use this is environmentally sustainable, socially just and perfect and economically sound. It thereby turns on social techniques of decision making and consensus building concerning the utilization and safety of private, communal or public regions”
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Question 3. What Are The Principles Of Land Use Planning?
Based on the definition and the goal provided above, land use making plans need to be based on the following principles:
Land use making plans goals at sustainability balancing social, financial and environmental wishes;
Land use planning effects in a legally binding land use plan
Land use making plans is included into nation institutions having the legit mandate for inter-zone making plans.
Land use making plans is a communicate.
Land use making plans is an all inclusive manner.
Land use planning is based on stakeholder differentiation and gender sensitivity.
Land use planning promotes civic engagement.
Land use planning is sensible and orientated to local situations.
Land use planning is based totally on a “light” methodology
Land use making plans in phrases of method and content material differs
Land use planning considers and valorises local knowledge.
Land use planning takes into account conventional techniques for solving problems and conflicts.
Land use planning follows the concept of subsidiarity.
Land use making plans integrates backside-up aspects with pinnacle-down components (“vertical integration”).
Land use planning is primarily based on inter-disciplinary cooperation and calls for zone coordination (“horizontal integration”).
Land use planning is a system main to an development in the capacity of stakeholders.
Land use making plans calls for transparency.
Land use making plans is destiny-oriented (“visionary”).
Land use making plans is an iterative process.
Land use planning is implementation oriented.
Land use planning is connected to economic making plans.
Land use making plans pertains to areas and locations (“spatial orientation”).
Question four. What Are The Types Of Land Use Planning?
The Types of Land Use Planning:
Integrated Participatory Land Use Planning
Integrating Spatial Planning into Existing Development Planning
Question five. Explain Land Use Planning Results In A Legally Binding Land Use Plan?
Land use making plans results in a legally binding land use plan and/or legally binding land use regulations. Formal recognition of the land use plan or land use regulations is critical for its implementation. Otherwise, key gamers together with area ministries or non-public traders do no longer appreciate them;
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Question 6. What Is Land Use Planning Is Integrated Into State Institutions Having The Official Mandate For Inter-quarter Planning?
This may be realized in exceptional ways. The planning can be initiated and facilitated with the aid of a nearby administrative frame. The making plans also can be executed by using neighborhood or traditional chiefs and later formalized through the signing by a local or national officer. In the later case, those higher level officers want, but, be worried from an early degree on;
Question 7. Explain Land Use Planning Is A Dialogue?
A vital a part of any land use making plans is the initialization of a communique method that lets in all stakeholders to express their interests and permits them to agree on destiny land makes use of that admire all positions in a honest and adequate manner;
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Question 8. Explain Land Use Planning Is An All Inclusive Process?
Land use planning is an all inclusive process. This requires that each one stakeholder companies are represented: local direct and indirect customers, public authorities, personal investors, NGOs and CBOs. Depending on the level on which land use planning is completed, stakeholders’ participation may be direct or oblique;
Question nine. Explain Land Use Planning Is Based On Stakeholder Differentiation And Gender Sensitivity?
Land use planning is based totally on stakeholder differentiation and gender sensitivity. To identify all applicable stakeholders, a gender differentiated analysis of all actors need to be carried out earlier;
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Question 10. What Is Land Use Planning Promotes Civic Engagement?
Land use planning promotes civic engagement. The populace need to actively take part within the land use making plans. The outcomes of making plans and the implementation of measures can most effective be sustainable if plans are made with and by means of the people, not at the back of or maybe against them. Planning is, therefore, now not only a rely for experts, however should be done collectively with those affected by it;
Question 11. Explain Land Use Planning Is Realistic And Oriented To Local Conditions?
Land use making plans is realistic and orientated to neighborhood conditions. Not handiest has the content material of a land use planning to be tailored to nearby situations. The techniques too ought to in shape the technical, financial and organizational capacities of the local population in addition to management;
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Question 12. Explain Land Use Planning Is Based On A “light” Methodology?
Land use making plans is primarily based on a “mild” methodology avoiding unnecessary information series resulting in “records graveyards”;
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Question 13. Explain Land Use Planning In Terms Of Methodology And Content Differs?
Land use planning in terms of technique and content material differs e.G. In scale, specificity, form of participation (direct vs. Oblique), and generation at village, municipal and regional stage;
Question 14. Explain Land Use Planning Considers And Valorises Local Knowledge?
Land use planning considers and valorises local information. Rural societies or companies regularly own a complicated autochthonous understanding of their natural environment. They can contribute valuable information and should, therefore, be mobilized throughout the land use planning;
Question 15. Explain Land Use Planning Takes Into Account Traditional Strategies For Solving Problems And Conflicts?
Land use planning takes into account conventional techniques for solving issues and conflicts. Traditional rural societies have their personal manner of coming near problems and settling conflicts regarding land use. In the method of land use planning, such mechanisms should be recognized, understood and brought under consideration;
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Question 16. Explain Land Use Planning Follows The Idea Of Subsidiarity?
Land use making plans follows the idea of subsidiarity, i.E. All functions from planning to selection-making, implementation and monitoring are assigned to the lowest appropriate degree of presidency with the intention to be responsive to the desires of residents and to ensure effective manage from underneath;
Question 17. Explain Land Use Planning Integrates Bottom-up Aspects With Top-down Aspects (“vertical Integration”)?
Land use making plans desires to combine local desires and hobbies with provisions made with the aid of higher levels. This can handiest be done in a sustainable way if stakeholders from all levels take part within the system and directly speak and pay attention (!) to every different;
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Question 18. Explain Land Use Planning Is Based On Inter-disciplinary Cooperation And Requires Sector Coordination (“horizontal Integration”)?
Land use making plans is based on inter-disciplinary cooperation and requires region coordination (“horizontal integration”). The numerous capabilities and (ability) uses of land make it necessary to use an interdisciplinary method regarding all sectors that have a stake in that region. This generally requires a longer assist in organization constructing and improving cooperation between distinctive sector ministries/ corporations;
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Question 19. Explain Land Use Planning Is A Process Leading To An Improvement In The Capacity Of Stakeholders?
The participatory techniques utilized in all steps of land use planning promote the technical and organizational abilities of all participants, thereby improving their capacity to plot and act. In the medium time period, this results in an development in the capability of neighborhood groups or administrative entities (together with municipalities, districts and provinces) for self-dedication;
Question 20. What Is Land Use Planning Requires Transparency?
Land use planning calls for transparency. If there may be no transparency on decisions about future land uses, dangers are excessive that a few human beings might be disadvantaged in their rights and/or that destiny land use will no longer be sustainable;
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Question 21. Explain Land Use Planning Is Future-oriented (“visionary”)?
Land use making plans is future-orientated (“visionary”). Land use planning isn't only approximately mapping the modern land makes use of or land covers. Land use planning determines how the land might be used inside the future. This might also fluctuate greater or much less from these days’s usage of the land;
Question 22. Explain Land Use Planning Is An Iterative Process?
Land use planning is an iterative system. Land use planning is extra than the training of a planning file; it's far an iterative system. Iteration is each the precept and the technique. New developments and findings are mainly discovered and included into the planning technique. It can also lead to the revision of selections and the repetition of steps already taken;
Question 23. Explain Land Use Planning Is Implementation Oriented?
Land use making plans is implementation orientated. Land use making plans has to recollect how the negotiated selections and the answers identified are to be implemented. It does not quit with the land use plan. The implementation of confined measures right at the beginning of the manner or parallel to it performs an vital function in setting up villagers’ self belief inside the making plans method;
Question 24. Explain Land Use Planning Is Linked To Financial Planning. This Is Crucial For Implementation?
Land use planning is connected to financial planning. This is crucial for implementation. Land use making plans desires to be aware of the specified makes use of of quarter budgets in addition to of the financial planning cycles of the relevant quarter ministries (inclusive of their cut-off dates). At the identical time, land use planning must affect the composition and meant functions of budgets and funds;
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Question 25. Explain Land Use Planning Relates To Spaces And Places (“spatial Orientation”)?
In maximum countries many types of making plans and quite some of plans exist. What maximum of them are missing is the relation to area. Many improvement plans, for example, kingdom what must be developed (especially in terms of infrastructure) but don’t suggest where. Land use making plans places the focal point on spatial family members and variations. The spatial orientation of planning guarantees the most beneficial distribution of investments and the most adequate use of any place and avoids (land use) conflicts.
Question 26. What Is Integrated Participatory Land Use Planning?
Integrated participatory land use planning usually goals to introduce or enhance a complete spatial planning approach at neighborhood level. In cooperation with existing establishments the entire approach from training to evaluation is designed, tested, institutionalized and exercised in a number of pilot villages.
Question 27. What Is Integrating Spatial Planning Into Existing Development Planning?
There are conditions wherein local institutions do not have the potential to introduce a complicated land use making plans. In that case, an opportunity is to in reality include a few spatial elements into their development making plans activities. If up to now neighborhood representatives have handiest prepared a “buying listing” for their authorities and donors, they may now map in which they sincerely need these tendencies (mainly infrastructure) to take place. If that is carried out in a participatory way and involves a dialogue on the already current infrastructure, their distribution and situations, this already represents a enormous improvement inside the making plans system. An instance is the lately introduced spatial making plans into communal improvement planning in Mali.
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Question 28. What Is Local Agreements?
Local agreements (or neighborhood conventions) at the usage and protection of natural resources which adjust use and get admission to are important gear for the decentralized management of herbal assets. They had been promoted in West Africa since the 1990s. They embody all kinds of formal or casual policies among all useful resource customers. They can be applicable to the inter-village or communal level in addition to to wider spatial management devices. Responsibility for using commonplace pool resources is assigned to a group. The authorities takes a arms-off approach, no longer influencing subjects directly. It retains a supervisory position, however, making sure that the person associations follow certain fundamental situations so one can be feasible. In addition, it enables corporations to perform their capabilities, specially concerning technical subjects and the enforcement of felony claims inclusive of sanctions for violations of standards.
Question 29. What Are The Advantages Of Local Agreements?
Local agreements have the following blessings:
In terms of organizational and political change: through the decentralization of resource control;
In phrases of financial impact: through earnings diversification and the emergence of recent sectors associated with sustainable exploitation of herbal assets;
In terms of social cohesion: via the improvement of consensual answers;
In phrases of conservation: via the conciliation between exploitation and conservation of herbal resources.
Question 30. When Is Land-use Planning Useful?
Two conditions ought to be met if making plans is to be beneficial:
the need for changes in land use, or motion to save you some unwanted alternate, have to be familiar with the aid of the humans involved;
there have to be the political will and potential to position the plan into effect.
Where those situations are not met, and but troubles are urgent, it may be suitable to mount an attention campaign or installation demonstration areas with the intention of making the conditions vital for effective planning.