Question 1. What’s New In Exchange Server 2013?
Below are the brand new functions in Exchange Server 2013:
New Unified Management console called Exchange Admin Center
Server Roles architecture changed to 2 Server Roles – Mailbox Server Role and Client Access Server Role
Public Folders are now in Mailbox Databases which can be replicated to different mailbox databases
Site Mailbox introduced to permit the person to get entry to the SharePoint websites and emails from Outlook 2013, using the same client interface
Exchange 2013 Offers extra integration with SharePoint 2013 and Lync 2013
Brand new Outlook Web App optimized for capsules and cellular devices and also for computers and laptops
Unified Messaging in Exchange 2013 comes with equal voice mail functions in Exchange 2010, however the structure change to have most effective two server roles made all the UM related additives, offerings and capability are now available in Mailbox Server Role
Users can Move Mailboxes in batches where it has an option to ship mailbox flow reports as emails
Lot of enhancement in the Database Availability Group like Managed Availability and Managed Store and so on
Exchange paintings load is a new feature in Exchange 2013 described for the purpose of Exchange System Resource Management
Exchange 2013 is absolutely rewritten so deploying and maintaining trade 2013 to updated is now less difficult
Data Loss Preventions is a new function which lets in to protective the organisation sensitive facts and inform user of internal compliance regulations
Question 2. What Is Exchange Admin Center?
Exchange Admin Center is the brand new net primarily based Exchange Management Console for Exchange Server 2013, it allows for ease of use and is optimized for control of On-Premises, Online and hybrid Exchange deployments. EAC replaces Exchange Management Console and Exchange Control Panel, however ECP remains the url for Exchange Admin Center.
New features in Exchange Admin Center:
List View – More than 20,000 gadgets can be considered in EAC, in which legacy ECP permits handiest 500 gadgets
Add/Remove columns for recipients
Public folders may be managed from Exchange Admin Center
Long running technique might be notified within the notification bar
Role Based Access Control person editor may be finished from EAC
Unified Messaging equipment like call statistics, and consumer name logs may be accessed from EAC
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Question 3. Explain The Exchange 2013 Architecture?
Legacy versions of Exchange 2007 and Exchange 2010 released with 5 server roles, ie, Mailbox, Client Access, Hub Transport, Unified Messaging and Edge Transport server. Server role architecture has been modified in Exchange 2013 which released with handiest server roles.
Mailbox Server function: It holds the identical characteristic of Mailbox, the consumer get admission to protocols, Hub Transport and Unified Messaging server role in Exchange 2010
Client Access Server position: work as the purchaser get admission to server position in Exchange 2010, Exchange 2010 paintings as only stateless server, wherein it doesn’t do any information rendering, and not anything will be stored or queued in Client Access Server function. CAS offers all standard consumer get admission to protocols: HTTP, POP and IMAP, and SMTP
Question four. Why Exchange 2013 Architecture Has Been Changed With Two Server Roles?
Exchange 2007 and 2010 were architect with sure technology constraint that existed at that point, in which CPU overall performance turned into the Key constraint while Exchange 2007 was launched and to relieve the scenario Server roles were delivered. However server roles in Exchange 2007 and Exchange 2010 are tightly coupled
Nowadays, CPU horse energy is less luxurious and it isn't a constrain aspect, with that constraint lifted, primary intention for Exchange 2013 is simplicity of scale, hardware usage and failure isolation. So Microsoft reduced the variety of server roles to two as Client Access Server Role and Mailbox Server Role
Question five. What Are The Benefits On The Architecture Change By Having Two Server Roles In Exchange 2013?
Having two server roles with Mailbox Server includes all the conventional additives fount in Exchange 2010: the client get admission to protocols, shipping carrier, mailbox databases and unified messaging and the Client Access Server role to provide authentication, limited redirection and proxy services.
New structure gives the beneath advantages:
The Client Access Server and Mailbox Server grow to be “Loosely Coupled”. All process and activity for a selected mailbox takes place at the mailbox server that holds the active database replica, getting rid of concerns of version compatibility among CAS and Mailbox Server
Version Upgrade flexibility – Client Access server may be upgraded independently and in any order.
Session affinity to purchaser access server function isn't always required – In Exchange 2013, Client get entry to and mailbox components available at the identical mailbox server, because the patron get entry to server truely proxies all connections to a selected mailbox server, no consultation affinity is required
Only namespace is needed for Exchange 2013
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Question 6. What Is Change Related To Mapi Access Using Outlook In Exchange 2013?
Two server role architects modified the outlook customer connectivity behaviour; RPC is not a supported direct get right of entry to protocol. This means that every one the outlook connectivity should take vicinity the use of RPC over HTTP is aware of as Outlook Anywhere. Because of this behaviour, there may be no want to have RPC purchaser get admission to service on CAS which reduces name spaces that required for website-resilient solution.
Question 7. Explain The Change In Outlook Client Connection Behaviour When Compared With Exchange 2010?
Outlook clients not hook up with a server FQDN as they have finished in all previous versions of Exchange. Outlook makes use of Autodiscover to create a brand new connection factor comprised of mailbox GUID, @ image, and the domain part of the consumer’s number one SMTP cope with. This exchange consequences in a close to removal of the unwelcome message of “Your administrator has made a alternate to your mailbox. Please restart.” Only Outlook 2007 and better versions are supported with Exchange 2013.
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Question 8. What Is Managed Store In Exchange 2013?
Managed keep is the name of the newly rewritten statistics keep system, Microsoft.Exchange.Store.Service.Exe and Microsoft.Exchange.Store.Employee.Exe, it's far incorporated with Microsoft Exchange replication server to provide higher availability through improve resiliency. Also the Managed keep has been architected to allow extra granular management of aid intake and faster root cause analysis even though advanced diagnostics.
Managed Store works with replication carrier to control mailbox databases, which continues to ESE as DB engine, Exchange 2013 includes alternate the mailbox database schema that gives many optimization over previous versions of Exchange and Replication Services is accountable for all availability associated with Mailbox Servers. This exchange gives quicker database failover and better disk failure handling.
Question nine. What Is A Site Mailbox?
Site Mailbox is a brand new sort of mailbox in Exchange 2013, in which it improves collaboration and consumer productivity by means of permitting get right of entry to to each files in a SharePoint site and e-mail messages in outlook 2013 the usage of the identical client interface.
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Question 10. What Happened To Public Folders In Exchange 2013?
Special kind mailbox called Public folder mailbox added in Exchange Server 2013, on the way to store each the hierarchy and public folder content material. This affords a bonus of the prevailing excessive availability and garage technologies of the mailbox shop. Legacy Public folder database concept not in exchange 2013 and Public Folder replication now user the non-stop replication version as like Mailbox Database.
Question 11. How The Mail Flow Occur In Exchange Server 2013?
Due the architectural exchange, Mail float in Exchange 2013 occurs through Transport Pipeline, it's far series of Transport offerings, connections, additives and queues that paintings collectively to course the messages to the categorizer inside the shipping provider on a mailbox server within the company.
Messages from outdoor enterprise enter the delivery pipeline through a acquire connector in the Front End Transport service on a purchaser get right of entry to server and then routed to the Transport Service on a Mailbox Server and the Mailbox Transport Delivery Service supply the e-mail to nearby mailbox database
Message from internal business enterprise enter the Transport Service on a Mailbox Server in following ways, receive connector, Pick Up or Replay Directory, Mailbox Transport Service or Agent Submission. Those emails may be relayed to Front End delivery carrier on Client Access Server using the Transport Service on Mailbox Server and despatched outdoor
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Question 12. Explain The New Transport Pipeline In Short?
Front End Transport Service in Client Access Server acts as a stateless proxy for all inbound and outbound outside SMTP traffic for Exchange 2013 enterprise. It received’t look into message content material, simplest communicates with the Transport Service on a Mailbox Server, and doesn’t queue any messages regionally.
Transport Service in Mailbox server is identical to Hub Transport server, it handles all SMTP mail go with the flow for the organisation, perform message categorization, and plays content material inspection. It received’t talk without delay with Mailbox Database that venture might be dealt with by means of Mailbox Transport Service. So the Transport Service routes messages between the mailbox delivery carrier, the shipping service and the the front end delivery carrier.
Mailbox Transport Service strolling on Mailbox server includes two separate offerings: the Mailbox Transport Submission Service and Mailbox Transport Delivery Service.
Mailbox Transport Delivery Service gets emails from Transport Service at the local or unique mailbox server and connects to the neighborhood mailbox databases using Exchange RPC to supply the message
Mailbox Transport Submission Service connects to neighborhood mailbox database the usage of RPC to retrieve messages and submits the messages over SMTP to the Transport Service on the local Mailbox server or different Mailbox Servers.
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Question 13. What Are The Enhancements In Batch Mailbox Move On Exchange 2013?
Below are the upgrades on Exchange 2013 Batch Mailbox Moves:
Multiple mailboxes move in big batches.
Email notification at some stage in pass with reporting.
Automatic retry and automatic prioritization of moves.
Primary and private archive mailboxes may be moved together or one by one.
Option for manual flow request finalization, which allows you to check a pass earlier than you complete it.
Question 14. What Are New Options Included In Exchange 2013 Related With High Availability And Site Resilience?
Managed Availability – Internal Monitoring and healing are integrated to save you screw ups, proactively restore services, and provoke failovers robotically or alert admin to take action.
Managed Store – Integrated with Microsoft Exchange Replication Service to offer higher availability
Multiple Databases in line with disk – Exchange 2013 helps multiple databases each lively and passive on identical disk.
Automatic Reseed – If a disk fails, database replica stored on that disk is copied from the active database replica to a spare disk on the equal server.
Automatic healing from storage disasters
Lagged copies can now care themselves to a sure using automatic log play down
Single copy alert task is removed and protected in the managed availability aspect
DAG networks may be automatically configuration by the gadget bases at the configuration settings, DAG now can distinguish between MAPI and Replication networks and configure DAG community routinely.
Question 15. What Are The Features Discontinued In Exchange 2013 When Compared With Exchange 2010?
Below are few features which can be discontinued in Exchange 2013:
Hub Transport Server Role and Unified Messaging Server
Exchange Management Console and Exchange Control Panel
Outlook 2003 support and RPC over TCP technique of Mailbox get entry to is removed
S/MIME, Search folders and Spell take a look at in OWA eliminated
Linked Connectors are removed
Anti-spam marketers can be management handiest from Exchange Management Shell
Connection filtering agent eliminated
Managed Folder are eliminated
Tools like Exchange Best Practice Analyzer, Mail waft troubleshooter, overall performance monitor, performance troubleshooter and routing log viewer are removed
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Question sixteen. What Are The Features Discontinued In Exchange 2013 When Compared With Exchange 2007?
Below are few capabilities discontinued in Exchange 2013 that are available in Exchange Server 2007
Storage Groups and Public Folder Databases
Exchange WebDAV API and ESE streaming backup API
High Availability standards CCR, LCR, SCR & SCC are not available
Export-Mailbox / Import-Mailbox Cmdlets and Move-Mailbox cmdlets set
Question 17. What’s New In Outlook Web App 2013?
Lot of new function to be had in Outlook Web App 2013 below are few new features:
Apps may be accessed from Outlook Web App
Contacts may be related to look all the records in a unmarried view
Ability to connect to user’s linkedIn account and upload the contacts routinely to OWA
Multiple calendars may be considered in a Merged view
Streamlined consumer interface for capsules and smartphones which supports use of contact
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Question 18. Inform The Features That Are Not Available On Owa 2013?
Below are the features which are to be had in previous versions however no longer available on Exchange Server 2013 Outlook Web APP:
Shared Mail folders get entry to isn't available
Distribution listing moderation can not be executed from OWA
Reading pane at the lowest of the window
Ability to reply to e mail messages despatched as attachments
Search folders in now not available
Exchange Server 2010 Interview Questions
Question 19. What Are The Prerequisites Required To Install Exchange Server 2013?
Below stipulations are required to put in Exchange Server 2013:
Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 or later
Windows Server 2012
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5 (pre install in Windows Server 2012)
Windows Management Framework 3.Zero
Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API four.Zero, Core Runtime 64-bit
Microsoft Office 2010 Filter Pack 64 bit
Microsoft Office 2010 Filter Pack SP1 sixty four bit
ADDS and few home windows capabilities
Forest functional degree has to Windows Server 2003
Schema Master run on Windows Server 2003 SP2 or later
Question 20. On Which Operating System Database Availability Group Is Supported?
DAG is supported on Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter Editions or Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 Enterprise Edition. Windows Server 2008 R2 Sp1 popular edition gained’t help DAG
Exchange Server 2007 Interview Questions
Question 21. On What Conditions Exchange 2013 Can Coexists With Previous Version Of Exchange Servers?
Exchange 2003 and Earlier variations: Not Supported
Exchange 2007: Exchange 2007 SP3 with Update Rollup 10 on all Exchange 2007 servers and Exchange 2013 CU2 and later can coexist
Exchange 2010: Exchange 2010 SP3 on all Exchange 2010 Servers and Exchange 2013 CU2 or later can coexist
Question 22. What Are The Editions Available In Exchange Server 2013?
Exchange 2013 to be had in two variations: Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition
Standard Edition lets in simplest five databases to set up (which include active and passive replica) and Enterprise Edition allows 50 databases on RTM version of Exchange and one hundred databases on CU2 and later versions. Recovery Database will now not remember in this.
Question 23. What Will Happen To Exchange 2013 Rtm Version When one hundred twenty Days Trial Period Expires?
Exchange 2013 functionality will no longer loss whilst trial period expires, so you can maintain lab without having to reinstall the trial model.
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Question 24. What The Supportable Clients That Can Access Exchange 2013 Mailbox?
Exchange 2013 mailbox may be get right of entry to by using the following customers
Outlook 2010 SP1 with Outlook 2010 November 2012 update
Outlook 2007 SP3 with Outlook 2007 November 2010 update
Entourage 2008 for Mac, Web Services Edition
Outlook for Mac 2011
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Question 25. Mention What Are The New Features In Ms Exchange 2013?
Integration with Lync and SharePoint: With web site mailboxes and in-region eDiscovery, it gives a more integration with Microsoft Sharepoint and Lync
Provide a resilient answer: It built upon the exchange server 2010 and redesigned for simplicity of scale, function isolation and hardware usage
Supports a multigenerational staff: From a couple of assets users can merge contacts as well as smart search lets in to look people in the network
Provide an interesting enjoy: MS internet app targeted on a streamlined consumer interface that helps the usage of contact, enhancing using cellular gadgets
Meet the latest call for: With stepped forward seek and indexing, you may search across Lynch 2013, Exchange 2013, SharePoint 2013, and so on.
DAG system: A new evolution of alternate 2010 DAG
Question 26. Mention What Is Recommended When You Are Using An Exchange Account For Your Work, When You Are Offline?
It is suggested which you use Cached Exchange Mode while you are using an change account for your paintings, as it removes all of the motive to work offline. With Cache Exchange Mode, you can maintain continuing working even in case you are disconnected with the community. Cache Exchange Mode uses a folder report (.Ost) and manages a synchronized copy of the gadgets in all folder inside the mailbox, when you are offline. As soon as you're connected to the community, it syncs your facts routinely to the server without dropping any records.
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Question 27. Mention What Are The Roles In Ms Exchange 2013?
In MS alternate 2013, there are two roles Client Access Server and Mailbox Server.
DHCP Interview Questions
Question 28. Mention What Is The Role Of Client Access Server?
The Client Access Server offers connectivity to various offerings like:
Microsoft Office Outlook
Outlook Web App
POP & SMTP
Accepts mail from can provide mail to other mail hosts at the net
Gives unified namespace, community security and authentication
Handles all consumer requests for Exchange
Routes requests to the perfect mailbox server
Allows using layer four (TCP affinity) routing
Question 29. Mention What Is The Role Of Mailbox Server?
Mailbox servers help in:
Host public folder databases
Host mailbox databases
Calculate electronic mail address regulations
Performs multi-mailbox searches
Provide high availability and location resiliency
Provide messaging information management and retention policies
Handle connectivity as customers don’t connect directly to the mailbox offerings
For given mailbox, it offers all middle exchange capability
When a database fails over, it also fails get entry to to the mailbox
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Question 30. Explain What Are The Important Features Of Transport Pipeline?
Transport pipeline is made from three exceptional offerings:
Front cease transport service: It does fundamental message filtering based on domain names, connectors, senders and recipients. It only connects with the delivery carrier on a mailbox server and does now not backlog any messages domestically
Transport carrier: It runs on all mailbox servers, and it handles SMTP mail glide. It facilitates in message categorization and content material inspection. The shipping services routes messages between the Mailbox Transport service, the Transport Service and Front End Transport service. This carrier does not queue messages regionally
Mailbox Transport: This system consists of receiving and sending SMTP to the delivery carrier from mailbox the usage of RPC (Remote Procedure Call).
Question 31. Explain What Is The Role Of Categorizer?
Categorizer performs following functions
Recipient Resolution: The email cope with of the recipient is resolved to determine whether or not the recipient has got a mailbox inside the Exchange Organization or an outside e mail address
Routing Resolution: Once the data regarding the recipient is resolved, the remaining vacation spot for the mail is routed, and the next hop are determined
Content Conversion: Once the mail has reached its determined cope with, the SMTP is transformed into readable layout like HTML, wealthy text layout or plain text
Question 32. Explain The Term Dag (records Availability Group)?
DAG or Data Availability Group is a framework construct is MS Exchange 2013. It is a set of upto sixteen mailbox server that hosts a fixed of databases and affords automatic database degree recovery because of failure of servers of databases.
Question 33. Mention How Many Types Of Delivery Groups Found In Ms Exchange 2013?
In MS Exchange 2013, there are 5 forms of delivery businesses
Mailbox shipping businesses
Connector supply service
SCCM Interview Questions
Question 34. Explain How Message Is Delivered To The Mailbox Database In Exchange 2013?
In trade 2013, after the message reaches the target mailbox server in the destination AD site, the shipping service avails SMTP to carry the message to the mailbox. After that, using RPC, Transport Service promises the message to the nearby mailbox.
Question 35. What Action Does Front End Transport Service Does?
Front stop delivery carrier does one of the following actions based totally on the variety and type of the recipients
For the message with a single mailbox recipient, select a mail field server within the goal shipping institution and primarily based on the proximity of the AD website, deliver desire to the mail container server
For the message with multiple or several mailbox recipients, it makes use of the first 20 recipients to pick out a mailbox in a closest proximity or shipping organization, based totally on the AD web page proximity
If the message has no mailbox recipients, it pick a random mailbox server in the local AD web page
Question 36. Mention What Is The Function Of Mailbox Transport Submission Service?
Mailbox Transport Submission carrier does one of the following actions based totally on the wide variety and sort of recipients.
For the message having best one mailbox recipient, it chooses a mailbox server inside the target transport organization and give precedence to the mailbox server primarily based at the AD web site proximity
With multiple mailbox recipients, it makes use of first 20 recipients to pick out a Mailbox server within the closest shipping organization, based totally on the AD web page proximity
If there's no mailbox recipient, select a mailbox server within the nearby shipping institution
Mail Server Interview Questions
Question 37. How The Flow Of The Mail Is Tracked In Ms Exchange 2013?
To music message glide in MS Exchange 2013, Delivery Reports are used. It is relevant for Outlook and Outlook web handiest. However, Message Tracking Logs are also useful to understand the drift of the mail.