Question 1. What Is An Identity?
An identity is the virtual representation of an organisation resource person consisting of employees, clients, companions and carriers. Identity Management shows the rights and relationships the user has while interacting with a organisation’s community.
Question 2. What Are The Benefits Of Identity Management?
Centralized auditing and reporting – Know who did what and record on system usage.
Reduce IT operating charges – Immediate return on investment is found out by doing away with the usage of paper forms, phone calls and wait time for brand new account era and allowing consumer self provider and password control.
Minimize Security Risk – Control access to the network and straight away update money owed in a complicated agency environment along with: layoffs, acquisitions, accomplice modifications, transient and agreement people.
Improved first-class of IT offerings:
Legal compliance – Many government mandates require secure manage of get right of entry to.
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Question three. How Does Identity Management (idm) Work?
The method includes growing user accounts which can be capable of be changed, disabled or deleted. Delegated workflows, policies and rules are implemented to the users account.
A consumer profile will inform the business enterprise: who they're, what they are entitled to do, when they may be allowed to perform particular capabilities, wherein they may be allowed to perform functions from and why they had been granted permissions.
Question four. What Is Purpose Of Reconciliation Manager?
You can appearance right here for recon information as soon as reconciliation is entire. You can determine whether occasion received and connected for not.
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Question five. What Is Application Server And Web Server?
A Web server completely handles HTTP requests, whereas an software server serves commercial enterprise logic to software programs via any variety of protocols.
Webserver particularly handles the Http requests but app server can be used to address the http, rmi, TCP/IP and many extra protocols. Webserver simply handles the requests of the website - approach suppose, a html page(presentation layer) requests a information - here script is written containing the commercial enterprise logic , then it just give the response with the required records from the database. Then the html web page with script is used to show the retrieved statistics. In case of software server, it does the identical aspect, of having and gives the reaction but it may manner the requests. I.E. In this case, in place of script realize the way to fetch the information, the script is virtually used to call the packages server's research carrier to retrieve and system the statistics. I.E right here, utility server is used for processing/applying logic. The internet server may be considered as the subset of app server
The simple difference between an internet server and an software server is WebServer can execute most effective net applications i.E. Servlets and JSPs and has handiest a single box referred to as Web box that's used to interpret/execute internet applications Application server can execute Enterprise application, i,e (servlets, jsps, and EJBs) it is having packing containers
1. WebContainer (for deciphering/executing servlets and jsps)
2. EJB box (for executing EJBs).
It can carry out operations like load balancing , transaction demarcation etc
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Question 6. What Is The Purpose Of Rule Designer?
Use this shape to create guidelines that can be implemented to password coverage choice, automated group membership, provisioning technique selection, assignment task, and prepopulating adapters
Question 7. What Is Adapter? What Adapters Available In Oim?
An adapter is a Java elegance that is created by an Oracle Identity Manager person via the Adapter Factory.
Process Tasks adapters - automate completion of a method venture and are connected to a Process Definition Form ( AD consumer, OID User, and so forth)
Entity Adapter - routinely populates a area at the OIM User shape or custom User Form on pre-update, pre-delete, pre-insert, publish-insert, submit-update, or submit-delete
Pre-Populate Adapter - specific sort of rule generator attached to a consumer-created form discipline which could robotically generate statistics to the shape however does no longer keep that statistics to the OIM database but does send that records to appropriate directory consumer object. The information can come from guide access on a form or from automatic entry from the OIM described paperwork.
Rule Generator - can populate fields robotically on an OIM shape or a consumer-created form and store to the OIM database primarily based on enterprise policies
Task Assignment Adapter - automates the venture of a manner venture to a consumer or institution
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Question eight. What Are Various Domains That Fall Under Identity Management?
Oracle Products that fall below Identity Management are Oracle Identity Manager and Oracle Role Manager. Oracle merchandise that fall beneath Access Management are Oracle Access Manager, Oracle Entitlement Server, Oracle Adaptive Access Manager, Oracle Identity federation and Enterprise Single Sign-On. Oracle products that fall below Directory Management are OID and OVD.
Question nine. What Is An Object Class And Their Different Types?
An item elegance specifies set of attributes that are used to outline an object.
Structural: Indicates the attributes that the access may also have and in which every access may additionally occur within the DIT.
Auxiliary: Indicates the attributes that the access might also have.
Abstract: Indicates a “partial” specification inside the item elegance hierarchy; most effective structural and auxiliary subclasses may additionally appear as entries within the listing.
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Question 10. How Is Identity Management Solutions Implemented?
Step One: Inventory and determine current investments and processes. Clean and consolidate identification records shops. Create virtual identities for organization users.
Step Two: Design and deploy identification infrastructure additives. Create identification provisioning and set up password management, person self-carrier and regulatory compliance.
Step Three: Deliver programs and services. Access management deployed to a smooth surroundings. Leverage federated identity for enhancing supply chain and worker efficiencies.
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Question 11. What Do Mean By Connectors?
Connectors are the plugins that allows in integrating OIM with External Sources or Target Systems. In any OIM implementation, Reconciliation and Provisioning is dependent on configuration furnished by using those Connectors. Connectors are the boxes that include several components like IT Resources, Process Forms, Adapters, and Event Handlers which can be had to integrate the External Sources, Applications and Target Systems. Scalable and bendy integration architecture is critical for the successful deployment of a agency’s provisioning solutions. Oracle Identity Manager offers confirmed integration architecture and predefined connectors for instant and low-fee deployments.
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Question 12. What Is Resource Object (ro)?
A RO is in its most simple form essentially a digital representation of an account on a target gadget. If anomie consumer has an account at the target machine the person has an RO instance associated with it.The most simple procedure which you do with ROs is to provision the account to a goal machine. The provisioning is dealt with by using a provisioning technique. The provisioning tactics commonly includes a number of provisioning tasks that fires adapters that during turn calls code, frequently Java code, that sincerely does the provisioning paintings.
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Question 13. What Is Event Handler?
In an Identity Management machine, any movement done by using a consumer or system is referred to as an operation or Event. Examples of Events are growing customers, updating users, developing password policy, and so on.
Pre-system Event Handler
Post-Process Event Handler
Pre-method Event Handler: Mostly Pre-technique Event Handlers are used for Validation Purpose.
Post-method Event Handler: Post-method Event Handlers are written specifically whilst there is a need of making modifications internally after any event is caused in OIM.
For E.G.: Assign Role consistent with Organization, Auto Assign an e mail ID the usage of Firstname and Lastname of person and so forth.
Question 14. What Is Oim User? How Many Types Of Users Are There In Oracle Identity Manager?
OIM User: OIM person is an account which enables in managing the compliance of any company and allows in imparting the get entry to rights in keeping with its identification in the related organisation.
Types of Users: Two types of Oracle Identity Manager users determine get right of entry to rights to specific components of Oracle Identity Manager.
These sorts consist of:
Question 15. Explain The Architecture Of Oracle Identity Manager?
The Oracle Identity Manager structure consists of three stages:
Tier 1: Client:
The Oracle Identity Manager Application GUI component live on this tier. Users log in with the aid of the use of the Oracle Identity Manager patron. The Oracle Identity Manager patron interacts with the Oracle Identity Manager server, imparting it with the user's login credentials.
Tier 2: Application Server:
The second tier implements the business good judgment, which is living in the Java Data Objects which might be managed by means of the supported J2EE software server (JBoss software server, BEA WebLogic, and IBM WebSphere). The Java Data Objects implement the enterprise common sense of the Oracle Identity Manager software; but, they may be now not exposed to any strategies from the out of doors international. Therefore, to get entry to the business functionality of Oracle Identity Manager, you could use the API layer inside the J2EE infrastructure, which presents the research and communication mechanism.
Tier 3: Database:
The 0.33 tier includes the database. This is the layer this is accountable for managing the storage of records inside Oracle Identity Manager.
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Question sixteen. What Is Authentication & Authorization?
The system of figuring out an person typically based totally on a username and password. In protection systems, authentication is distinct from authorization, that is the method of giving people get entry to to device objects based totally on their identity. Authentication guarantees that the person is who she or he claims to be, but says not anything approximately the get entry to rights of the man or woman.
After Authentication the manner of granting or denying get admission to to a community aid is referred to as Authorization..Most pc protection structures are based on a -step process. The first degree is authentication, which guarantees that a user is who he or she claims to be. The 2d degree is authorization, which permits the user access to diverse assets based on the consumer's identity.
Question 17. What Is Oracle Webgate?
An Oracle WebGate is a Web server plug-in that is shipped out-of-the-container with Oracle Access Manager. The WebGate intercepts HTTP requests from users for Web sources and forwards them to the Access Server for authentication and authorization.
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Question 18. How To Reconfigure The Idm War File After Installation?
To update your IDM WAR report:
Run the ConfigUpdate software inside the User Application set up directory via executing configupdate.Sh or configupdate.Bat. This permits you to replace the WAR document in the deploy directory.
Deploy the new WAR document on your application server.
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